If you pass an exam, this article may interest you.
Writing an essay is often scary because you do not know how to organize your ideas or what to write. Fortunately, the French methodology for writing an essay follows fairly strict rules that will give you a framework and reassure you.
What does it take to write an essay?
Writing an essay is primarily about answering a question and expressing your opinion by arguing and giving examples.
There are three main parts in an essay: Introduction – Development – Conclusion
In case you have to clear the problematic of a text or an image, choose a question that will not put you in difficulty. It is often easier to answer a closed question than an open question. At least, the plans will be different.
Here are issues and corresponding plans.
- Should we ban the e-cigarette?
- Can we always choose our profession?
- Should television be allowed to children under three years old?
- Is the cigarette dangerous?
- Why are not there more schools that impose the uniform?
- How to prevent teens from drinking too much alcohol in the evening?
Once the problem and the type of plan have been defined, you must look for your arguments and examples.
Examples can be taken in your daily life, your personal experiences, your general culture, ….
The examples can be illustrative, that is to say placed after the argument or argumentative, that is to say placed before or superimposed on the argument.
If you cannot explain your point clearly, it’s not good.
The organization of your essay must be very clear. It’s about seeing the different parts of the essay before you even read it.
- Part 1
- Part 2
Write the introduction
It must be simple and clear. These are the first sentences read by readers, so you must lay the foundations of your development without revealing your opinion. It is composed of three parts.
Bring the subject
A sentence presenting the theme in its context.
The question you chose during your reflection. You can ask the question directly or use the indirect speech: We can then ask ourselves if / why / how …
Announce the plan
Indicate the thread of your thinking to readers so that they follow your development. It is better – because less academic – to announce the plan indirectly, asking questions, articulating a sentence so that the plan emerges. Nevertheless, if it seems too complicated, write several sentences presenting your plan with logical articulators.
Write the development
There must be a balance in the parts of your development, so you should be careful to find about the same number of arguments for your parts as you think. Your development must be organized. For this, the use of logical links is essential.
You can give your opinion throughout the essay, but also in the conclusion.
Write the conclusion
Just like the introduction, the conclusion is very important because these are the last sentences read by readers. It is composed of three parts.
Respond to the problem
Summarize the important points that have been said without repeating them.
Give your opinion
This can be decided or nuanced. The reader knows that everything is not all black or white, he does not necessarily expect a strong position, but arguments and examples that have allowed him to broaden his thinking on the subject.
Expand the subject
One reflection often leads to another, so you can open the same topic by directing it to another direction.
Check the consistency of your essay.
- Make sure that the ideas follow one another logically.
- Make sure to eliminate repetitions of words, but also and especially ideas.
- Be careful not to contradict yourself.
Avoid cliched phrases
Avoid neutrality. You can be tolerant and indicate your tolerance. On the other hand, you can not be neutral and say “I do not care”; “I do not have an opinion,” …
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