Who betrayed Athens?

Alcibiades, (born c. 450 bce, Athens [Greece]—died 404, Phrygia [now in Turkey]), brilliant but unscrupulous Athenian politician and military commander who provoked the sharp political antagonisms at Athens that were the main causes of Athens’ defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 bce).

Who defeated the Athenian army?

Threatened with starvation, the Athenian fleet had no choice but to follow. Through cunning strategy, Lysander totally defeated the Athenian fleet, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami, destroying 168 ships and capturing some three or four thousand Athenian sailors.

Who was the great Athenian leader against the Spartans?

As Athens grew in power under Pericles, Sparta felt more and more threatened and began to demand concessions from the Athenians. Pericles refused, and in 431 B.C. conflict between Athens and Sparta’s ally Corinth pushed the Spartan king Archidamus II to invade Attica near Athens.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.

Did Alcibiades betray Athens?

Warrior & Womaniser: Alcibiades betrayed Athens and seduced the queen of Sparta. An extravagant and keen witted fellow, the Athenian is best known for his close relationship with scholar Socrates and devil-may-care attitude towards the Peloponnesian War that was tearing Greece apart.

Who betrayed Socrates?

Alcibiades Being Taught by Socrates (1776) by François-André Vincent (Musée Fabre)
Born c. 450 BC Athens, Greece
Died 404 BC Mount Elafos, Phrygia, Achaemenid Empire
Allegiance Athens (415–412 BC Sparta) (412–411 BC Persia)

Did Athens lose to Sparta?

The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire. It continued to exist under a series of tyrants and then a democracy. Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

Who killed Alcibiades?

Alcibiades went into exile again. After the battle at the Aigospotamoi, Athens was forced to surrender (404); Alcibiades was killed almost immediately after. A couple of years later, the Athenians avenged themselves upon his teacher, Socrates, who was forced to drink hemlock.

Is Alkibiades real?

Alcibiades (or Alkibiades) was a gifted and flamboyant Athenian statesman and general whose shifting of sides during the Peloponnesian War in the 5th century BCE earned him a reputation for cunning and treachery. Good-looking and rich, he was also notorious for his extravagant lifestyle and loose morals.

Who was the leader of the Athenian military?

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What was the military like in ancient Athens?

In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite, a soldier primarily armed with a shield and spear. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.

Why did the Athenians fight for their democracy?

From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. Their dramatic victories over the Boiotians and Chalkidians in 506 B.C. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system.

Who are the great generals of ancient Greece?

The great generals of Rome and Greece are alive in the syllabi of military colleges; their exploits and strategies are still valid for inspiring soldiers and civilian leaders alike. The warriors of the ancient world, conveyed to us through myth and history, soldier on today.