Which type of macrophages are found in the liver?

Kupffer cells
There are two major populations of hepatic macrophages: the liver resident Kupffer cells and the monocyte-derived macrophages, which rapidly infiltrate the liver during injury.

What are peritoneal macrophages?

Peritoneal macrophages are the macrophages that reside in the peritoneal cavity, a fluid-filled space located between the wall of the abdomen and the organs found in the abdomen. In the absence of peritoneal infection or inflammation, peritoneal macrophages are thought to have anti-inflammatory functions.

What are Bmdm cells?

Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) are primary macrophages obtained by in vitro differentiation of bone marrow cells in the presence of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF or CSF1). They are easy to obtain in high yields, can be stored by freezing, and can be obtained from genetically modified mice strains.

How do you make a L929 conditioned medium?

Preparation of L929-Conditioned Medium

  1. Plate 4.7 × 105 L929 cells in a 75-cm2 flask containing 55 mL of L929 medium.
  2. Grow cells in a humidified incubator with 5% CO2 at 37°C for 7 d.
  3. Collect the supernatant. Filter through a 0.45-μm filter. Store 50-mL aliquots frozen at −20°C (L929-conditioned medium).

Is a fixed tissue macrophages of liver?

Kupffer cells are macrophages that are fixed within the sinusoids of the liver. They are the body’s most abundant source of fixed macrophages.

What is the function of hepatic macrophages?

Hepatic macrophages play a central role in maintaining homeostasis in the liver, as well as in the initiation and progression of liver diseases. Hepatic macrophages are mainly derived from resident hepatic macrophages called Kupffer cells or circulating bone marrow-derived monocytes.

How do you collect peritoneal macrophages?

To obtain monolayers of peritoneal macrophages, the cell concentration is adjusted to 2–3 × 106 total nucleated cells/ml in DMEM/F12-10 medium. A total of 1–2 × 105 cells/well are added to 48-well tissue culture plates. For 24-well plates, this number is doubled.

What is the peritoneal?

Listen to pronunciation. (PAYR-ih-toh-NEE-ul) Having to do with the parietal peritoneum (the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity) and visceral peritoneum (the tissue that covers most of the organs in the abdomen, including the intestines).

Are macrophages adherent cells?

Most tissue macrophages are adherent cells except for those found in the peritoneal cavity. Adherence is a key feature of macrophage differentiation and it is essential to determine whether it is a contributing or a determining factor of the role of macrophages.

How do you split a cell L929?

Cells are split once every week by removing media from on T-75 flask, adding 10ml of warm Calcium and Magnesium free Hanks Buffered Saline. Wash cell surface by tipping back and forth about ten times,remove wash solution , add 1.0 ml of Trypsin- EDTA (#25300-054) Invitogen, Canada.

Are there macrophages in the liver?

Macrophages, the most abundant liver immune cells, play a critical role in maintaining hepatic homeostasis and the underlying mechanisms of liver diseases. Hepatic macrophages consist of resident macrophages, Kupffer cells (KCs), and monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMϕs).

What kind of cell line is the L929?

L929 is a fibroblast cell line derived from a clone of normal subcutaneous areolar and adipose tissue of a male C3H/An mouse (9, 10). It was found to secrete a macrophage growth factor (11), which was later identified as M-CSF (4). The CSF1DNA sequence was also first cloned from L929 cells (12).

Where are macrophages found in the injured liver?

Macrophages possess phenotypic plasticity in response to environmental cues. Bone-marrow-derived Ly6C high expression (Ly6C hi) macrophages predominate the macrophage population in the injured liver.

How are bone marrow macrophages grown in culture dishes?

Mice lacking functional M-CSF are deficient in macrophages and osteoclasts and suffer from osteopetrosis. In this protocol, bone marrow cells are grown in culture dishes in the presence of M-CSF, which is secreted by L929 cells and is used in the form of L929-conditioned medium.

How does the hepatic macrophage contribute to HSC activation?

This subtype of hepatic macrophage is inflammatory and critical for hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation via the production of profibrogenic factors, such as transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) 6.