What is variable interval schedule in operant conditioning?

In operant conditioning, a variable-interval schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed, which is the opposite of a fixed-interval schedule.

What are the variables required for operant conditioning?

To understand Operant Conditioning we must look at the laws that control the relationship between two variables: independent variables and dependent variables. When an experiment is conducted, the independent variable(s) are manipulated by the experimenter, and dependant variables are measured from the subjects.

What is an example of a variable interval schedule of reinforcement?

One classic example of variable interval reinforcement is having a health inspector or secret shopper come into a workplace. Store employees or even managers may not know when someone is coming in to inspect the store, although they may know it’s happening once a quarter or twice a year.

What are the 4 types of reinforcement schedules?

There are four schedules of partial reinforcement:

  • Fixed-Ratio Schedules.
  • Variable-Ratio Schedules.
  • Fixed-Interval Schedules.
  • Variable-Interval Schedules.

What is the main idea of operant conditioning?

The basic concept behind operant conditioning is that a stimulus (antecedent) leads to a behavior, which then leads to a consequence. This form of conditioning involves reinforcers, both positive and negative, as well as primary, secondary, and generalized.

Which if the following is an example of operant conditioning?

Positive reinforcement describes the best known examples of operant conditioning: receiving a reward for acting in a certain way. Many people train their pets with positive reinforcement.

What is an example of variable ratio schedule?

In operant conditioning, a variable-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses. Gambling and lottery games are good examples of a reward based on a variable ratio schedule.

What is an example of fixed interval?

A weekly paycheck is a good example of a fixed-interval schedule. The employee receives reinforcement every seven days, which may result in a higher response rate as payday approaches. Dental exams also take place on a fixed-interval schedule.

What is the best reinforcement schedule?

Among the reinforcement schedules, variable ratio is the most productive and the most resistant to extinction. Fixed interval is the least productive and the easiest to extinguish (Figure 1).