What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
What is the equal protection clause and what does it guarantee?
Equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated.
What does the Equal Protection Clause require?
The Equal Protection Clause requires states to treat their citizens equally, and advocates have used it to combat discriminatory laws, policies, and government actions.
What is the Equal Protection Clause of the First Amendment?
It provides that no state shall “deny to any person the equal protection of the laws.” This clause, once labeled by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes as “constitutional argument of last resort,” is often viewed as the constitutional power that can be used against racial and gender discrimination in society.
Who does the equal protection clause protect?
In addition, the Fourteenth Amendment contains the equal protection clause. This mandates that no state shall… “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” This clause has proved to be central in ending and preventing government discrimination based on race and gender.
What are the 3 clauses of the 14th Amendment?
The amendment’s first section includes several clauses: the Citizenship Clause, Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, and Equal Protection Clause.
What is the Equal Protection Clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law?
Three tests associated with discrimination include the reasonable-basis test, strict-scrutiny test, and suspect classifications. The reasonable-basis test when applied by courts permits unequal treatment for certain laws.
Who does the Equal Protection Clause protect?
What is the equal protection clause What three tests are associated with discrimination in law?
What 3 things did the 14th amendment do?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What is the 14th Amendment Section 3 in simple terms?
Amendment XIV, Section 3 prohibits any person who had gone to war against the union or given aid and comfort to the nation’s enemies from running for federal or state office, unless Congress by a two-thirds vote specifically permitted it.
What is the central purpose of the Equal Protection Clause?
The equal protection clause is a section of the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution that says that states cannot, “deny to any person within [their] jurisdiction the equal protection of [their] laws.” This clause is designed to prevent the passage of discriminatory state laws…
Which amendment contains the Equal Protection Clause?
The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The clause, which took effect in 1868, provides that no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction “the equal protection of the laws”.
Which amendment guarantees equal protection?
Legal Definition of equal protection. : a guarantee under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that a state must treat an individual or class of individuals the same as it treats other individuals or classes in like circumstances. — called also equal protection of the law.
What is the equal rights clause?
The equal rights clause originates from the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution that prohibits denying the equal treatment of women at the place of employment as a result of their gender. Related Legal Terms & Definitions.