What is the clinical significance of Fossa Inguinalis lateralis?

Clinical significance It is a site of herniation for indirect inguinal hernia.

What occurs within the medial inguinal fossa?

The medial inguinal fossa is a depression located within the inguinal triangle on the peritoneal surface of the anterior abdominal wall between the ridges formed by the lateral umbilical fold and the medial umbilical ligament, corresponding to the superficial inguinal ring.

Why is Hesselbach triangle so weak?

The inguinal triangle represents an area of potential weakness in the abdominal wall, through which herniation can occur. By definition, a direct inguinal hernia occurs medially to the inferior epigastric vessels (through the inguinal triangle), and an indirect hernia occurs laterally to these vessels.

What is Hesselbachs triangle?

The Hesselbach triangle, also called the inguinal triangle, is a region of the lower, anterior abdominal wall, or groin, that was first described by Frank Hesselbach, a German surgeon and anatomist, in 1806. It describes a potential area of weakness in the abdominal wall, through which a hernia can protrude.

Where is the inguinal area located?

The inguinal region of the body, also known as the groin, is located on the lower portion of the anterior abdominal wall, with the thigh inferiorly, the pubic tubercle medially, and the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) superolaterally.

Where is the deep inguinal ring?

The deep or internal ring is located just above the midpoint of the inguinal ligament and lateral to the epigastric vessels. The deep ring is formed by the transversalis fascia which provides the posterior covering of the contents of the inguinal ring.

Why inguinal hernia is more common in males?

Although it can occur in men and women, it is much more common in men. This is because the male testicle starts inside the abdomen and has to go down through an opening in the groin area to reach the scrotum (the sac that holds the testicles). If this opening does not close at birth, a hernia develops.

Why femoral hernia is more common in females?

Unlike inguinal hernias, femoral hernias occur far more frequently in women, particularly older women. This is because of the wider shape of the female pelvis. Femoral hernias are rare in children.

Where is the triangle of doom?

UPDATED: The “triangle of doom” is a name given to a roughly triangular area in the posterior aspect of the anterior wall of the lower abdominopelvic region. It is used by surgeons repairing an inguinofemoral hernia with a mesh and they want to avoid large vascular structures, namely the external iliac artery and vein.

What is Richter’s hernia?

Richter hernia (partial enterocele) is the protrusion and/or strangulation of only part of the circumference of the intestine’s antimesenteric border through a rigid small defect of the abdominal wall. The first case was reported in 1606 by Fabricius Hildanus.

Why is it called triangle of doom?

The vas deferens and the gonadal vessels form the boundaries of a so-called ‘triangle of doom’ [18] . This tri- angle of doom contains the external iliac artery and vein. No dissection or other activity whatsoever should be per- formed in this area, as an injury to either of these vessels could be fatal.

Why does my inguinal ligament hurt?

Typically, your pain is caused by an injury of one of the structures in your leg that attach to your groin, such as a torn or strained muscle, ligament, or tendon. A “groin strain” usually refers to torn or overstretched adductor muscles, which are located on the inside of the thigh.