What is Sim K topography?

The simulated keratometry (Sim K) is determined as the average keratometry, calculated by using the standard keratometric index (1.3375) and the radius of anterior corneal curvature, and the total corneal refractive power (TCRP) is determined as the total refractive power, calculated by ray tracing through the anterior …

What is orbscan topography?

Orbscan Topography is a newer technology that not only allows your surgeon to detect these irregularities on the front surface of the cornea, but also allows mapping of the posterior corneal surface. A pachymetry unit is a machine that takes a measurement of corneal thickness.

What happens during a corneal topography?

Corneal topography produces a detailed, visual description of the shape and power of the cornea. This type of analysis provides your doctor with very fine details regarding the condition of the corneal surface. These details are used to diagnose, monitor, and treat various eye conditions.

What is Sim K value?

Sim-K was obtained from anterior corneal curvature using the 1.3375 keratometric index. Conclusions: Sim-K provides a higher corneal power compared with TCP. This difference is not constant but depends on the A/P ratio and can influence the refractive outcome of IOL power calculation by theoretical formulas.

What is eye topography test?

It is a noncontact examination that photographs the surface of the eye. Corneal topography is not a routine test. Rather, it is used in diagnosing certain types of problems, in evaluating a disease’s progression, in fitting some types of contact lenses, and in planning surgery.

What causes keratoconus?

Constant inflammation from allergies or irritants can contribute to the destruction of corneal tissue that may result in developing keratoconus. Eye rubbing. Chronic eye rubbing is associated with developing keratoconus. It may also be a risk factor for disease progression.

How do you read the thickness of the cornea?

There are no evidence-based data for this so I will provide my thoughts. I consider a thin cornea as being less than 535 µm and a very thin cornea as being less than 510 µm. An average cornea is between 540 µm and 560 µm. A thick cornea is 565 µm or more, with a very thick cornea being greater than 600 µm.

Why is topography test for eyes?

The purpose of corneal topography is to produce a detailed description of the shape and power of the cornea. Using computerized imaging technology, the 3-dimensional map produced by the corneal topographer aids our ophthalmologist in the diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of various visual conditions.

What is SRK T formula?

The SRK T formula is a third generation formula, described in 1990 by John Retzlaff, Kraff and Sanders [6]. This formula combines the benefits of both the theoretical and regression formula and uses the A-constant to calculate the ACD, using the retinal thickness and corneal refractive index.

How tall are the mountains in northern Israel?

Inland (east) of the coastal plain lies the central highland region. In the north of this region lie the mountains and hills of Upper Galilee and Lower Galilee, which are generally 500 meters (1,640 ft) to 700 meters (2,297 ft) in height, although they reach a maximum height of 1,208 meters (3,963 ft) at Mount Meron.

How to evaluate the eye with corneal topography?

Evaluating the Eye with Corneal Topography Corneal topography shows more than a pretty picture. Different types of topography maps can help you better evaluate the eye’s anterior surface and fit contact lenses. By David W. Hansen, OD, FAAO

How are the topography maps of Pentacam made?

All topography maps of the Pentacam ® are originally based on elevation data derived from Scheimpflug images and from the 3D model of the anterior eye segment that is calculated from those images. The sagittal and tangential radii are calculated directly from the elevation data.

How is EKR calculated from a sagittal power map?

In a second step the map is shifted such that for a normal eye (posterior radius 82% of anterior radius) the resulting EKR values match the SimK values from a Sagittal Power Map. In other words, the “error” that n=1.3375 creates in a Sagittal Power Map is now added to the true power values.