What is grating in optical communication?

December 2011) A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is a type of distributed Bragg reflector constructed in a short segment of optical fiber that reflects particular wavelengths of light and transmits all others.

What is fiber grating sensor?

FBG sensors are composed of periodic modulations in the refractive index of the fiber, which change in period, and hence reflected wavelength, due to a change in strain or temperature, according to a predefined calibration performed by the grating manufacturer.

What is fiber Bragg grating sensor and how does it work?

Fiber Bragg Gratings are made by laterally exposing the core of a single-mode fiber to a periodic pattern of intense laser light. All the reflected light signals combine coherently to one large reflection at a particular wavelength when the grating period is approximately half the input light’s wavelength.

What is Fibre Bragg grating give its application?

Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) are considered excellent sensor elements, suitable for measuring various engineering parameters such as temperature, strain, pressure, tilt, displacement, acceleration, load, as well as the presence of various industrial, biomedical and chemical substances in both static and dynamic modes of …

What you mean by grating?

(Entry 1 of 2) 1 : a wooden or metal lattice used to close or floor an opening. 2 : a partition, covering, or frame of parallel bars or crossbars. 3 : a system of close equidistant and parallel lines or bars ruled on a polished surface to produce spectra by diffraction.

What is period of grating?

A grating is called an SPG when the period of the grating is less than the optical wavelength, which is on the order of 1.3–1.6 μm. For typical SPG, the period of the grating is Λ = 0.5 μm. In this grating structure, the interaction of light takes place with a periodic structure, as shown in Fig. 17.3a.

How does a fiber Bragg grating work?

How does a fiber Bragg grating work? A fiber Bragg grating is a small length of optical fiber that comprises a pattern of many reflection points that creates a reflection of particular wavelengths of incident light. All other wavelengths are transmitted through the grating without being reflected or damped.

What is the importance of fiber grating in WDM systems?

Fiber Bragg gratings are versatile wavelength filters for multiplexing and demultiplexing wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) signals. They also can compensate for chromatic dispersion that can degrade the quality of the WDM signal in an optical fiber.

Which one is used by Fibre optic sensor as a prime means of measurement?

Intrinsic sensors. Optical fibers can be used as sensors to measure strain, temperature, pressure and other quantities by modifying a fiber so that the quantity to be measured modulates the intensity, phase, polarization, wavelength or transit time of light in the fiber.

What is function of Fibre grating?

A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is a microstructure typically a few millimeters in length that can be photo inscribed in the core of a single mode fiber. This is done by transversely illuminating the fiber with a UV laser beam and using a phase mask to generate an interference pattern in its core.

What is the use of grating?

A diffraction grating is an optical element, which separates (disperses) polychromatic light into its constituent wavelengths (colors). The polychromatic light incident on the grating is dispersed so that each wavelength is reflected from the grating at a slightly different angle.