What is coagulation factor IX?

The F9 gene provides instructions for making a protein called coagulation factor IX. Coagulation factors are a group of related proteins that are essential for the formation of blood clots. After an injury, clots protect the body by sealing off damaged blood vessels and preventing further blood loss.

What is a normal factor IX level?

Normal plasma levels of factor IX are 50 to 150 units/dl. Patients with levels less than 1 unit/dl have severe disease, those with levels of 1 to 5 units/dl moderate disease, and those with levels greater than 5 units/dl mild disease. The half-life of factor IX is approximately 18 to 24 hours.

What factor activates IX?

The coagulation protease factor IX is activated during hemostasis by the factor VIIa/tissue factor complex and by factor XIa.

What is factor IX called?

Hemophilia B, also called factor IX (FIX) deficiency or Christmas disease, is a genetic disorder caused by missing or defective factor IX, a clotting protein.

What is factor 10 in blood coagulation?

Clotting factor X, or Stuart-Prower factor, is a vitamin K–dependent serine protease that serves as the first enzyme in the common pathway of thrombus formation. Factor X deficiency is a bleeding disorder that can be inherited or acquired.

How do you factor IX?

Administration. Factor IX is generally administered as a slow IV push (bolus injection). Continuous infusion of Factor IX is indicated for patients requiring admission for severe bleeds or surgical procedures. Factor IX replacement for such patients should be managed in consultation with Clinical Haematology.

Is hemophilia A or B worse?

Recent evidence suggests that hemophilia B is clinically less severe than hemophilia A, highlighting the need to discuss further therapeutic options for each type of hemophilia. The study, “Haemophilia B is clinically less severe than haemophilia A: further evidence,” was published in Blood Transfusion.

What is the size of factor IX?

Factor IX (plasma thromboplastin component [PTC]) is produced in the liver. It is a single-chain zymogen with a molecular weight of 57 kd and a plasma half-life of 18-24 hours.

Which enzyme is used in blood clotting?

Blood-clotting proteins generate thrombin, an enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin, and a reaction that leads to the formation of a fibrin clot.

What is the factor lacking?

Factor deficiencies are defined by which specific clotting protein in the blood protein is low, missing or doesn’t work properly. Learn more about the blood clotting process.

How is Factor 9 deficiency Treated?

Standard treatment is infusion of factor IX concentrates to replace the defective clotting factor. The amount infused depends upon the severity of bleeding, the site of the bleeding, and the size of the patient.

Why are coagulation factor VIII levels so high?

Coagulation factor VIII activity levels may vary widely due to various reasons, such as: A high level of FVIII is a known independent risk factor for blood clotting. High levels of FVIII are an even stronger risk factor for repeat blood clots.

What is the role of coagulation factor IX?

High levels of coagulation factor IX may play a role in the risk of developing a blood clot. The Leiden Thrombophilia Study found that levels of FIX in the 90th percentile and higher increased the risk of blood clots by two- to three-fold. Coagulation factor XI plays two roles in blood clotting.

What happens to the blood clotting protein FVIII?

Factor VIII (FVIII) is an essential blood-clotting protein, also known as anti-hemophilic factor (AHF). In humans, factor VIII is encoded by the F8 gene. Defects in this gene result in hemophilia A, a recessive X-linked coagulation disorder.

Which is the cofactor that associates with factor IX?

Factor VIII is the cofactor that associates with factor IX to ensure physiologic levels of factor X activation. The complex of factors VIII and IX is, more generally, responsible for maintaining the coagulation cascade after its initiation by factor VII and tissue factor.