What is a polymer structure?
A polymer is composed of many simple molecules that are repeating structural units called monomers. A single polymer molecule may consist of hundreds to a million monomers and may have a linear, branched, or network structure. Copolymers are polymers composed of two or more different types of monomers.
What are atactic polymers give its structure?
groups is said to be atactic. Stereoregular polymers are usually high-strength materials because the uniform structure leads to close packing of the polymer chains and a high degree of crystallinity. The catalyst systems employed to make stereoregular polymers are now referred to as Ziegler-Natta catalysts.
What are syndiotactic atactic and isotactic polymers?
The key difference between atactic isotactic and syndiotactic polymer is that atactic polymers have their substituents in a random manner and isotactic polymers have their substituents in the same side, whereas the syndiotactic polymers have their substituents in an alternating pattern.
How many types of tacticity are there?
There are three terms we use to describe polymer tacticity. Isotactic means that all asymmetric carbons in the polymer have the same configuration. Syndiotactic means that the asymmetric carbons have alternating configuration. Atactic means that the asymmetric carbons have random orientation.
What are 4 types of polymers?
Terms. Synthetic polymers are human-made polymers. From the utility point of view, they can be classified into four main categories: thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and synthetic fibers.
What are examples of polymer?
Examples of synthetic polymers include nylon, polyethylene, polyester, Teflon, and epoxy. Natural polymers occur in nature and can be extracted. They are often water-based. Examples of naturally occurring polymers are silk, wool, DNA, cellulose and proteins.
What is meant by syndiotactic polymer?
(of a polymer molecule) having a regular alternation of opposite configurations at successive regularly spaced positions along the chain.
What is meant by atactic polymer?
: of, relating to, or being a polymer exhibiting no stereochemical regularity of structure atactic polypropylene — compare isotactic.
What do you mean by syndiotactic polymer?
What is an syndiotactic polymer?
Syndiotactic polymers In syndiotactic or syntactic macromolecules the substituents have alternate positions along the chain. The macromolecule consists 100% of racemo diads. Syndiotactic polystyrene, made by metallocene catalysis polymerization, is crystalline with a melting point of 161 °C.
Which is not polymer?
If the forming units of the given biological macromolecules are considered, proteins are formed of amino acids joined one after the other, polysaccharides are formed from monosaccharides, nucleic acids are formed of nucleotides. Only lipids are not made of uniform components, that is, they are not polymeric.
What are the 2 types of polymer?
Polymers fall into two categories:
- thermosetting plastic or thermoset.
- thermoforming plastic or thermoplastic.