What are eradication programs?

Eradication: Permanent reduction to zero of the worldwide incidence of infection caused by a specific agent as a result of deliberate efforts; intervention measures are no longer needed. Example: smallpox.

What are some challenges of disease eradication programs?

Susceptible build-up, waning of immunity, increase in the age of infection, non-compliance of individuals with control measures, pathogen change and emergence of resistance as a result of intensified efforts all become increasingly important during the final stages of eradication programmes.

What is difference between Eliminat and eradicate?

Eradication refers to the reduction to zero (or a very low defined target rate) of new cases in a defined geographical area. C. Elimination refers to the complete and permanent worldwide reduction to zero new cases of the disease through deliberate efforts.

How many viruses have been eradicated by vaccines?

Vaccination has made an enormous contribution to global health. Two major infections, smallpox and rinderpest, have been eradicated.

What makes eradication difficult?

The more pathogens cause the disease the more difficult it will be to eradicate. If a disease is caused by a limited number and closely related pathogens then often same tools and approaches can be used in eradication efforts.

What disease has CDC stopped?

  • Chickenpox (Varicella)
  • Diphtheria.
  • Flu (Influenza)
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Hib.
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
  • Measles.

Why is it so hard to eradicate disease?

Is eradication a good disease?

Disease eradication improves human well-being and saves lives, but so do many other health initiatives. And not all diseases are candidates for elimination or eradication; they must meet a wide range of criteria, some of which the panelists discussed.

What diseases can we eradicate?

Eradicated diseases

  • Smallpox.
  • Rinderpest.
  • Poliomyelitis (polio)
  • Dracunculiasis.
  • Yaws.
  • Malaria.
  • Worm infections.
  • Lymphatic filariasis.

Can a virus be completely eradicated?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

What is the only disease to be eradicated worldwide?

Widespread immunization and surveillance were conducted around the world for several years. The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977. In 1980 WHO declared smallpox eradicated – the only infectious disease to achieve this distinction.

What Old diseases are coming back?

Let’s take a closer look at 10 diseases that have been making a comeback in developed nations in recent years.

  • Syphilis.
  • Measles.
  • Plague.
  • Scarlet fever.
  • Mumps.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Chlamydia.
  • Whooping cough.

Are there any infectious diseases that have been eradicated?

Global eradication underway 1 Poliomyelitis (polio) 2 Dracunculiasis 3 Yaws 4 Malaria

Who is involved in the global polio eradication initiative?

GLOBAL POLIO ERADICATION INITIATIVE. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with five core partners – the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United Nations Children’s Fund…

When did the CDC start the guinea worm eradication program?

The global campaign to eradicate Guinea worm disease (GWD) began in 1980 at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

How did the United Nations eradicate infectious diseases?

During the twentieth century, there were a series of campaigns to eradicate rinderpest, a viral disease which infected cattle and other ruminants and belonged to the same family as measles, primarily through the use of a live attenuated vaccine. The final, successful campaign was led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations