Is measles endemic or epidemic?

Measles as an endemic disease was eliminated from the United States in 2000, but continues to be reintroduced by international travelers. In 2019 there were at least 1,241 cases of measles in the United States distributed across 31 states, with over three quarters in New York.

Who differentiate between smallpox and measles?

Al Razi was the first physician in the history of medicine to differentiate between smallpox and measles and consider them as two separate diseases.

What caused the smallpox epidemic?

Smallpox is caused by infection with the variola virus. The virus can be transmitted: Directly from person to person. Direct transmission of the virus requires fairly prolonged face-to-face contact.

What do you know about smallpox and or the measles?

Smallpox and measles were highly contagious diseases that decimated Europe from ancient times to the modern era, killing more people than all the world’s wars combined. In 1967 smallpox was targeted for eradication by the World Health Organisation, and was officially certified as eradicated in 1980.

Who is most affected by measles?

Measles can be serious. Children younger than 5 years of age and adults older than 20 years of age are more likely to suffer from complications. Common complications are ear infections and diarrhea. Serious complications include pneumonia and encephalitis.

Where did measles originally come from?

Like many human diseases, measles originated in animals. A spill-over of a cattle-infecting virus, the common ancestor to both measles virus and its closest relative rinderpest virus is understood as likely to have given rise to the disease.

Is chickenpox related to smallpox?

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a DNA virus belonging to the Herpesviridae family. Similar to smallpox, chickenpox is transmitted through respiratory secretions or contact with skin lesions. Chickenpox manifests with an abrupt onset of a pruritic rash, low-grade fever, and malaise.

What is worse smallpox or measles?

Although measles is not as highly lethal as smallpox, its effect on a nonimmune population results in widespread starvation, and breakdown in hygiene complicated by infections (eg, pneumonia, encephalitis, diar- rhea), which add to high mortality and morbidity rates [6,10–12].

Was there a smallpox pandemic?

Smallpox is one of two infectious diseases to have been eradicated, the other being rinderpest, which was declared eradicated in 2011….Epidemics in the Americas.

Year Location Description
1902 Boston, Massachusetts Of the 1,596 cases reported in this epidemic, 270 died.

When did smallpox become a pandemic?

The Smallpox Pandemic of 1870-1874.

Is bathing allowed in measles?

Although there is no cure for measles, there are steps that can make the disease tolerable. These include the following: Get plenty of rest. Sponge baths with lukewarm water may reduce discomfort due to fever.

Can measles cause brain damage?

Normally, the measles virus does not cause brain damage. However, an abnormal immune response to measles or, possibly, certain mutant forms of the virus may cause severe illness and death. This response leads to brain inflammation (swelling and irritation) that may last for years.