Who led France in 1940?

Philippe Pétain
Vichy France

French State État Français
Chief of State
• 1940–1944 Philippe Pétain
Prime Minister
• 1940–1942 Philippe Pétain

Who was the main leader of France during ww2?

Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle led the Free French forces in resisting capitulation to Germany during World War II and became provisional president of France in the immediate aftermath of the war. Later he was an architect of the Fifth Republic and was president from 1958 to 1969.

What happened to Charles de Gaulle?

Student demonstrations and workers’ strikes in 1968 eroded his popular support, and in 1969 his proposals for constitutional reform were defeated in a national vote. On April 28, 1969, Charles de Gaulle, at 79 years old, retired permanently. He died the following year.

Who ruled France in 1939?

President Albert Lebrun
Daladier was Minister of Defence from 1936 to 1940 and Prime Minister again in 1938. As head of government, he expanded the French welfare state in 1939….

Édouard Daladier
In office 10 April 1938 – 21 March 1940
President Albert Lebrun
Preceded by Léon Blum
Succeeded by Paul Reynaud

Why did France surrender in 1940?

France surrendered to the Nazis in 1940 for complex reasons. Instead of fleeing the country and keeping up the fight, as the Dutch government and a residue of the French military did, the bulk of the French government and military hierarchy made peace with the Germans.

What was the free zone in France during WWII?

zone libre
The zone libre (French pronunciation: ​[zon libʁ], free zone) was a partition of the French metropolitan territory during World War II, established at the Second Armistice at Compiègne on 22 June 1940.

What type of government did France have after WWI?

the French parliamentary republic
Despite its weaknesses, the French parliamentary republic survived the First World War without compromising the constitutional laws that had been in place since 1875. The Union sacrée was formed on 4 August 1914.

Who were the big three?

In World War II, the three great Allied powers—Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union—formed a Grand Alliance that was the key to victory.

Who ruled France after WWII?

Charles de Gaulle
In office 3 June 1944 – 26 January 1946
Preceded by Philippe Pétain (Chief of the French State) Pierre Laval (Chief of the Government)
Succeeded by Félix Gouin
Leader of Free France

What type of government did France have in 1940?

French Third Republic

French Republic République française
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
• 1871–1873 (first) Adolphe Thiers
• 1932–1940 (last) Albert Lebrun

Who ruled France in 1935?

FRANCE – The Crisis Years Timeline

Colonel de La Rocque becomes leader of Les Croix de Feu and transforms the veterans organization into a paramilitary one.
January 27 Cinemascope is patented by Henry Chretien.
February 17 La Comedie Francaise gives a final performance of Jean Cocteau’s La Voix Humaine.

Who was the leader of France during World War 2?

Vichy France (10 July 1940 – 9 August 1944, French: Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State ( État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II. The regime was authoritarian, xenophobic, antisemitic, and traditionalist in nature.

Who was the leader of Vichy France in 1944?

Vichy France. When the provisional government of Charles de Gaulle moved to France after the Allied invasion of Normandy, it took over from a fascist regime in utter collapse. In September 1944, after the liberation of Paris, the new government declared Pétain’s French State abolished, together with all its laws.

What was the occupation of France in 1940?

Occupation of France, 1940–44. The Franco-German Armistice of June 22, 1940, divided France into two zones: one to be under German military occupation and one to be left to the French in full sovereignty, at least nominally.

Who was the leader of the Free French movement?

In September 1944, after the liberation of Paris, the new government declared Pétain’s French State abolished, together with all its laws. Gen. Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French movement, c. 1942.