What was the Whatcott decision?

Whatcott was ordered to pay compensation to the complainants, and he and his group were prohibited from distributing the flyers and any similar materials. On appeal, the Saskatchewan Court of Queen’s Bench upheld the Tribunal’s decision.

What was the legal complaint against William Whatcott?

Human Rights Tribunal ruling and second Supreme Court of Canada case. On 25 February 2010, Whatcott had the Saskatchewan Human Rights Tribunal ruling against him alleging discrimination against four homosexuals and fining him $17,500 overturned by the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal.

What defines hate speech in Canada?

Section 319(1): Publicly inciting hatred—makes it an offence to communicate statements in a public place which incite hatred against an identifiable group, where it is likely to lead to a breach of the peace. The Crown prosecutor can proceed either by indictment or by summary process.

What is the Oakes test in law?

The Test. The Court in R v Oakes created a two-step balancing test to determine whether a government can justify a law which limits a Charter right. 1. The government must establish that the law under review has a goal that is both “pressing and substantial.” The law must be both important and necessary.

What falls under freedom of expression?

Freedom of expression refers to the ability of an individual or group of individuals to express their beliefs, thoughts, ideas, and emotions about different issues free from government censorship. The First Amendment assumes that the speaker, not the government, should decide the value of speech.

What is the Saskatchewan Human Rights Code?

The Saskatchewan Human Rights Code, 2018 sets out the procedure for filing a complaint of discrimination with the Saskatchewan Human Rights Commission. The Commission is required to investigate complaints, attempt to settle them and dismiss complaints that lack merit.

What is illegal to say in Canada?

Canadian libel and defamation law Limits on speech were incorporated in the criminal code in relation to treason, sedition, blasphemous and defamatory libel, disruption of religious worship, hate propaganda, spreading false news, public mischief, obscenity, indecency and other forms.

What happens if the Oakes test fails?

If the legislation fails any of the above branches, it is unconstitutional. Otherwise the impugned law passes the Oakes test and remains valid. Since Oakes, the test has been modified slightly.

Is the Oakes test good?

The test provides a mechanism for the courts to balance, on the one hand, the government’s ability to achieve its goals and, on the other, the protection of individual rights. This balancing test is now considered a cornerstone of Canadian constitutional law.