What was the Russian Empire secret police?

Okhranka, acronym from Russian Otdeleniye po Okhraneniyu Obshchestvennoy Bezopasnosti i Poryadka, English Department for Defense of Public Security and Order, (1881–1917), prerevolutionary Russian secret-police organization that was founded to combat political terrorism and left-wing revolutionary activity.

What was the czar’s secret police called?

The Okhrana
The Okhrana was identified by the revolutionaries as one of the main symbols of Tsarist repression, and its headquarters were sacked and burned on 27 February 1917.

Who was the leader of the Okhrana?

Pyotr Ivanovich Rachkovsky
Pyotr Ivanovich Rachkovsky (Russian: Пётр Иванович Рачковский; 1853–1910) was chief of Okhrana, the secret service in Imperial Russia. He was based in Paris from 1885 to 1902….

Pyotr Rachkovsky
Born 1853 Dubăsari, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 1910 (aged 56–57)
Nationality Russian

Who was the leader of Menshevik Party in Russia?

After the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty by the February Revolution in 1917, the Menshevik leadership led by Irakli Tsereteli demanded that the government pursue a “fair peace without annexations,” but in the meantime supported the war effort under the slogan of “defense of the revolution.” Along with the other major …

What does the word Soviet in Russian mean?

sovyét, Russian pronunciation: [sɐˈvʲet], literally “council” in English) were political organizations and governmental bodies of the late Russian Empire, primarily associated with the Russian Revolution, which gave the name to the latter states of the Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union.

When was the Red Terror in Russia?

Red Terror

Part of Russian Civil War
Propaganda poster in Petrograd, 1918: “Death to the Bourgeoisie and its lapdogs – Long live the Red Terror”
Date August 1918 – February 1922
Duration 3–4 years
Location Soviet Russia