What type of eruptions does Erta Ale produce?

Erta Ale volcano is a large basaltic shield volcano in the Erta Ale volcanic range in the central northern Danakil depression (NE Ethiopia). It is famed for its persistent lava lake which has been active during most of the past decades since it was first discovered in the 1960s.

What are the 4 steps for a volcano to erupt?

Volcano eruptions go through several stages typically beginning with earthquake swarms and gas emissions, then moving to initial steam and ash venting, lava dome buildup, dome collapse, magmatic explosions, more dome growth interspersed with dome failures and finally, ash, lava and pyroclastic eruptions.

What type of volcano is Erta Ale in Ecuador?

shield volcano
Erta Ale is a shield volcano in the Afar region of East Africa. Erta Ale is a remote and rarely visited volcano that is known currently to have an active lava lake in its summit crater. Erta Ale has undergone seven eruption events in the past 125 years.

When was the last eruption of Erta Ale?

2009
Erta Ale/Last eruption

What is the most active volcano in Ethiopia?

“Erta’Ale volcano, the most active centre of Ethiopia is known for its permanent lava-lake activity since 1967, and most probably since 1906.

How many active volcanoes are there in Ethiopia?

About 50 volcanic edifices in Ethiopia have documented activity during the Holocene.

What are the six main parts of a volcano?

The main parts of a volcano include the magma chamber, conduits, vents, craters and slopes.

How do you stay safe during a volcanic eruption?

Protecting yourself during ashfall

  1. Stay inside, if possible, with windows and doors closed.
  2. Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
  3. Use goggles to protect your eyes.
  4. Exposure to ash can harm your health, particularly the respiratory (breathing) tract.
  5. Keep your car or truck engine switched off.

Is a cinder cone volcano explosive?

Cinder cones are the simplest type of volcano. Explosive eruptions caused by gas rapidly expanding and escaping from molten lava formed cinders that fell back around the vent, building up the cone to a height of 1,200 feet. The last explosive eruption left a funnel-shaped crater at the top of the cone.

How many active volcanoes are in Ethiopia?

What is the closest city to Erta Ale?

Asmara
Ethiopia and Erta Ale The closest city, Asmara, is only 160 miles away and is the capital city of Eritea, a bordering nation to Ethipia with a population of 563,930. Notice the divergent plate boundary and how close it is to the volcano, which is at a longitude of 13.6 North and 40.67 East.

What is the biggest volcano in Ethiopia?

Erta Ale
It is situated in the Afar Depression, a barren desert area. Erta Ale is the most active volcano in Ethiopia….

Erta Ale
Elevation 613 m (2,011 ft)
Listing List of volcanoes in Ethiopia
Coordinates 13°36′N 40°40′ECoordinates: 13°36′N 40°40′E
Geography