What is the elongated part of the brain?
The medulla oblongata, often simply called the medulla, is an elongated section of neural tissue that makes up part of the brainstem. The medulla is anterior to the cerebellum and is the part of the brainstem that connects to the spinal cord.
What are the subcortical structures of the brain?
Subcortical structures are a group of diverse neural formations deep within the brain which include the diencephalon, pituitary gland, limbic structures and the basal ganglia. They are involved in complex activities such as memory, emotion, pleasure and hormone production.
What parts are in the forebrain?
By far the largest region of your brain is the forebrain (derived from the developmental prosencephalon), which contains the entire cerebrum and several structures directly nestled within it – the thalamus, hypothalamus, the pineal gland and the limbic system.
What are the 4 parts of the brain and their functions?
The four lobes and their functions are as follows:
- Frontal Lobe. This section controls attributes, such as reasoning, planning, parts of speech, general movement, emotions, problem-solving, smell and personality.
- Parietal Lobe.
- Occipital Lobe.
- Temporal Lobe.
What is the largest part of human brain?
The cerebrum (front of brain) comprises gray matter (the cerebral cortex) and white matter at its center. The largest part of the brain, the cerebrum initiates and coordinates movement and regulates temperature.
What part of the brain controls balance?
The cerebellum is at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. It’s a lot smaller than the cerebrum. But it’s a very important part of the brain. It controls balance, movement, and coordination (how your muscles work together).
What is GREY matter in the brain?
Gray matter, named for its pinkish-gray color, is home to neural cell bodies, axon terminals, and dendrites, as well as all nerve synapses. This brain tissue is abundant in the cerebellum, cerebrum, and brain stem. This region passes sensory information via ascending nerve signals to the brain.
What are the six major parts of the brain?
6 Major Parts of the Brain and What They Do
- Frontal Lobes. At the front of the brain are the frontal lobes, and the part lying just behind the forehead is called the prefrontal cortex.
- Temporal Lobes.
- Occipital Lobes.
- Parietal Lobes.
- The Thalamus.
- The Hypothalamus.
- The Hippocampus.
- The Amygdala.
What is the center of intelligence in the brain?
The frontal lobes are an area in the brain of mammals located at the front of each cerebral hemisphere, and are thought to be critical for advanced intelligence.
Which is the largest part of the brain?
What are the 3 most important parts of the brain?
The brain has three main parts:
- The cerebrum fills up most of your skull. It is involved in remembering, problem solving, thinking, and feeling.
- The cerebellum sits at the back of your head, under the cerebrum. It controls coordination and balance.
- The brain stem sits beneath your cerebrum in front of your cerebellum.
What is the largest part of the human brain?