What is the difference between Ethnoarchaeology and experimental Archaeology?

Ethnoarchaeology uses ethnographic field methods among modern peoples to develop informed hypotheses about life in the past. Experimental archaeology uses controlled scientific experiments to develop models about past behaviors including tool use, pottery production, etc.

What is the relationship between Archaeology and ethnography?

The difference between Archaeology and Ethnography is the fact that archaeology focuses on the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains, i.e. items that have been left behind, while ethnography studies groups of living people and their culture by participant observation.

What is an example of Ethnoarchaeology?

One good example of ethnoarchaeology is that of Brian Hayden (1987), whose team examined the manufacture of Mesoamerican quern-stones, providing valuable insights into the manufacture of prehistoric quern-stones. …

What is the purpose of experimental Archaeology?

Experimental Archaeology is an approach for filling gaps in our knowledge about the past, which cannot be filled through other archaeological research methods.

What is Archeology ethnography?

Archaeological ethnography is defined here as a transcultural space for multiple encounters, conversations, and interventions, involving researchers from various disciplines and diverse publics, and centered around materiality and temporality.

What are archaeologists?

DO: Archaeologists are specialists, they are trained experts in the treatment and handling of archaeological materials in their particular field. They take great care in excavating, mapping, drawing, photographing, and documenting in writing all aspects of their excavations.

What are the types of archaeology?

There are two major disciplines of archaeology: prehistoric archaeology and historic archaeology. Within these groups are subdisciplines, based on the time period studied, the civilization studied, or the types of artifacts and features studied.

How is Ethnoarchaeology conducted?

Ethnoarchaeology is typically conducted by using the cultural anthropological methods of participant observation, but it also finds behavioral data in ethnohistorical and ethnographic reports as well as oral history.

What is experimental Archaeology examples?

Examples. A good example is Butser Ancient Farm in the English county of Hampshire which is a working replica of an Iron Age farmstead where long-term experiments in prehistoric agriculture, animal husbandry, and manufacturing are held to test ideas posited by archaeologists.

What are the goals of archeology?

The goal of archaeology is to understand how and why human behavior has changed over time. Archaeologists search for patterns in the evolution of significant cultural events such as the development of farming, the emergence of cities, or the collapse of major civilizations for clues of why these events occurred.

How is archaeology important?

Archaeology provides us with the opportunity to learn about past cultures through the study of artifacts, animal bones and sometimes human bones. Studying these artifacts helps to provide us with some insight about what life was like for people who left behind no written record.