What is the Confucian exam system?

The concept of a state ruled by men of ability and virtue was an outgrowth of Confucian philosophy. The examination system was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than on the basis of family or political connection.

How did the examination system help China?

The exams served to ensure a common knowledge of writing, the classics, and literary style among state officials. This common culture helped to unify the empire and the ideal of achievement by merit gave legitimacy to imperial rule.

What is Chinese examination system?

Chinese examination system, In China, system of competitive examinations for recruiting officials that linked state and society and dominated education from the Song dynasty (960–1279) onward, though its roots date to the imperial university established in the Han dynasty (206 bc–ad 220).

What was the impact of the examination system on Chinese society?

SOCIAL MOBILITY AND CURRICULAR UNIFORMITY UNDER THE CONFUCIAN SYSTEM. The civil service examination system was an important vehicle of social mobility in imperial China. Even a youth from the poorest family could theoretically join the ranks of the educated elite by succeeding in the examination system.

What are at least two drawbacks with only hiring Confucian scholars to run the government?

How did hiring scholars hurt China? Hiring scholars hurt China in two ways: (1) people that knew science, math, and engineering were kept out of government (2) Confucian scholars had little respect for merchants – trade/business were not encouraged.

What is the system of examination?

Examinations are a formal assessment process, where candidates can showcase their knowledge and proficiency in a given subject or topic. They are administered with varying purposes and at varying frequencies by an assessment or recruitment body.

What was the conclusion of Confucius teachings?

In conclusion, Confucianism was a philosophy; an outline of moral, social, spiritual and political aspects. Confucianism teaches the people during the age of philosopher to learn how to respect and help each other in a better way.

How Confucianism supported the idea of a strong central government in China?

Government and society in China were grounded in the Confucian philosophy, which held that there was a basic order in the universe and a natural harmony linking man, nature, and the cosmos (heaven) ; it also held that man was by nature a social being, and that the natural order of the universe should be reflected in …

How did Confucianism affect Chinese society?

In fact, Confucianism built on an ancient religious foundation to establish the social values, institutions, and transcendent ideals of traditional Chinese society. Confucianism was part of the Chinese social fabric and way of life; to Confucians, everyday life was the arena of religion.

What was one result of Yongle’s reign?

1368-1398 CE), Yongle made lasting contributions to Chinese history such as moving the capital to Beijing and beginning construction of the Forbidden City as an imperial residence. The emperor also opened up China to the world, notably sponsoring the seven voyages of the explorer Zheng He.

Which is the world’s toughest exam?

Top 10 Toughest Exams in the World

  • Gaokao.
  • IIT-JEE (Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination)
  • UPSC (Union Public Services Commission)
  • Mensa.
  • GRE (Graduate Record Examination)
  • CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst)
  • CCIE (Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert)
  • GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, India)