What is reverse sural artery flap?

The reverse superficial sural artery flap (RSSAF) is a distally based fasciocutaneous or adipofascial flap that is increasingly being used for coverage of defects that involve the distal third of the leg, ankle, and foot.

What is a sural artery flap?

Summary The distally based superficial sural artery flap is an important skin flap that can be used for soft tissue defects of the distal lower limb and proximal foot. The flap was either used as a long pedicled flap or islanded to treat patients with ages ranging from 4 to 75 years.

What is a propeller flap?

By the definition of the “Tokyo” Consensus on Propeller Flaps from 2011, a propeller flap is an island flap that reaches the recipient site through an axial rotation of more than 90°. It can be thought of as a propeller with 2 blades of unequal length with the perforator forming the pivot point.

What is a cross leg flap?

The cross-leg flap is a safe and reliable alternative to free tissue transfer in certain situations of lower-limb trauma. By incorporating fascia or muscle and the use of external fixator, the versatility of the flap can be enhanced.

What does sural artery supply?

The sural arteries (inferior muscular arteries) are two large branches, lateral and medial, which are distributed to the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris muscles. Sural means related to the calf.

What is an alt flap?

The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap (Fig. 22-4) is a very popular flap for lower limb reconstruction for several reasons. It is based on an area of skin and fascia on the anterolateral aspect of the thigh supplied by perforators of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery.

What is island flap?

The island pedicle flap uses an island of skin that is detached from its epidermal and dermal attachments while retaining its vascular supply from an underlying pedicle to repair a cutaneous defect.

What is a keystone flap?

The keystone flap consists of two V-Y advancement flaps in opposing directions. The movement of these advancement flaps leads to availability of extra tissue adjacent to the defect so as to facilitate primary approximation of skin edges.

What does flap stand for?


Acronym Definition
FLAP Foreign Language Assistance Program (US Department of Education)
FLAP Fatal Light Awareness Program (Canada)
FLAP Family Law Assistance Program (various locations)
FLAP FDDITalk Link Access Protocol

Does crossing your legs hurt your back?

Leg crossing has also been suggested (mostly by chiropractors) to lead to bad posture and its downstream effects on the back, hip and pelvis. Certainly, those with back and hip problems may experience discomfort when crossing their legs. Try it yourself and you may feel the muscles of your back tightening a little.

What does sural mean in anatomy?

: of, relating to, or being a sural nerve or branches of the popliteal artery or vein that ramify in the area of the calf of the leg.

What is the sural region?

sural region. The muscular swelling of the back of the leg below the knee, formed chiefly by the bellies of the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Synonym: regio suralis, sura, calf.