What is diffusion tensor in physics?

The tensor model is adopted to describe this diffusion anisotropy, and it allows one to quantify anisotropy parameters (related to white matter integrity) and to reconstruct the trajectory of white matter fibers (diffusion tractography). …

What does diffusion tensor imaging do?

Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is a technique that detects how water travels along the white matter tracts in the brain (Fig. 2). White-matter tracts connect different parts of the brain and must be protected during surgery.

What is diffusion tensor imaging for dummies?

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is an advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that provides detailed information about tissue microstructure such as fiber orientation, axonal density, and degree of myelination. DTI is based on the measurement of the diffusion of water molecules.

Is diffusion tensor imaging expensive?

Results: The total direct costs of DTI and MR tractography for a 1.5-T system with 15 encoding directions were US $97. Variable cost was $76.80 and fixed cost was $20.20.

How do fMRI work?

Copyright: FMRIB Centre Functional magnetic resonance imaging, or FMRI, works by detecting the changes in blood oxygenation and flow that occur in response to neural activity – when a brain area is more active it consumes more oxygen and to meet this increased demand blood flow increases to the active area.

What is fiber tractography?

Fiber tracking is an advanced MRI-based non-invasive imaging technique used to study the intrinsic structure and connectivity of the living human brain, both in normal subjects and neurosurgery/neurology patients.

What does a DTI scan show?

Diffusion tensor imaging tractography, or DTI tractography, is an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) technique that measures the rate of water diffusion between cells to understand and create a map of the body’s internal structures; it is most commonly used to provide imaging of the brain.

How does diffusion tractography work?

Diffusion tractography uses non-invasive brain imaging data to trace fibre bundles in the human brain in vivo. This raises immediate possibilities for clinical application but responsible use of this approach requires careful consideration of the scope and limitations of the technique.

How do I prepare for FMRI?

Getting ready During your fMRI, you will lie on your back with your arms at your side. If you think you’ll be uncomfortable lying still or if you’re afraid of being in a narrow or small space, talk with your doctor or nurse ahead of time. If you wear contact lenses, please wear them the day of the fMRI.

What are the disadvantages of fMRI?

Yet fMRI also has its disadvantages. First, it’s expensive. Second, it can only capture a clear image if the person being scanned stays completely still. And third, researchers still don’t completely understand how it works.

Does fMRI measure blood pressure?

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides an indirect measure of cerebral activation that could be altered by factors directly affecting cerebral blood flow independent of changes in neuronal activation. Presently, we investigate how changes in blood pressure (BP) affect the activation detected with fMRI.

How is diffusion tensor imaging used in medical practice?

Specifically, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has become increasingly studied and utilized in recent years and has become incorporated by many radiologists into routine clinical practice with most research performed on traumatic brain injury.

Which is the dimension of the diffusion flux?

J is the diffusion flux, of which the dimension is amount of substance per unit area per unit time. J measures the amount of substance that will flow through a unit area during a unit time interval. D is the diffusion coefficient or diffusivity.

Which is the driving force for one dimensional diffusion?

The driving force for the one-dimensional diffusion is the quantity −∂φ∂x, which for ideal mixtures is the concentration gradient. In chemical systems other than ideal solutions or mixtures, the driving force for diffusion of each species is the gradient of chemical potential of this species.

What kind of diffusivity is used in DTI?

DTI uses mean diffusivity for the rate of molecular diffusion, FA for the summative direction of the diffusion which provides a prominent vector, axial diffusivity for the rate of diffusion parallel to the main vector, and radial diffusivity for the rate of diffusion perpendicular to the main vector.