What is clear cell chondrosarcoma?
Clear-cell chondrosarcoma is a rare, low-grade variant of chondrosarcoma characterized by slow growth, low metastatic potential, and a predilection for local recurrence long after treatment.
Can lesions be removed from spine?
MRI and thus microsurgical techniques allow us to reach and remove spinal tumors by unilateral approach. In the surgery of the spinal lesions our goal was to obtain adequate exposure of the lesion, to remove the lesion totally without injury to the spinal cord and nerve roots, and to preserve spinal column stability.
What is the most common benign tumor of the spine?
Vertebral hemangiomas are the most common benign bony primary spinal tumor. Spinal epidural metastases are the most common type of spinal tumor. They occur in up to 10% of cancer patients.
Are spinal tumors easy to remove?
The optimal treatment for a spinal cord tumor is in-part related to the type and location. However, the great majority are treated with surgical removal usually through a laminectomy and microsurgical resection. The goal of surgery is maximal but safe removal with avoidance of worsening neurological function.
What is dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma?
Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma is defined as a high grade, nonchondroid sarcoma associated with a low grade cartilaginous tumor. They make up approximately 11% of all chondrosarcomas, and are among the most aggressive cancers described. These tumors generally occur in older patients, typically over the age of 50.
What is Chondromyxoid?
Chondromyxoid fibroma, or CMF, is a tumor of the cartilage found between your bones. Cartilage is a rubber-like tissue that cushions and protects the ends of your bones, sits in between the disks in your spine, and makes up the ear and nose. CMF tumors are benign, which means they are not cancer.
Why do spinal tumors hurt at night?
This pain happens because tumors create a great deal of inflammation, and your adrenal gland does not make steroids when you sleep. Spine tumors that are close to major nerves can disrupt their ability to transmit messages between the body and the brain.
Do spinal lesions hurt?
Spinal lesions may have symptoms of non-specific back pain, or myofascial pain syndrome. You may not be able to pinpoint where your pain is coming from. However, if the lesion affects the spinal nerve roots or spinal cord, you are likely to have nerve symptoms, which can include: Weakness.
How long can you live with a spinal tumor?
He found a significant effect on mean survival time: patients scoring 7 or below lived an average of 5.3 months, while those scoring 8 or above lived an average of 23.6 months.
What is the survival rate of chondrosarcoma?
The 5-year survival rate for chondrosarcoma is 75.2%, which is much higher than that of osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma 3. Tumor size, grade, stage, local recurrence, metastasis at presentation, systemic treatment, and radiotherapy are all associated with the prognosis of chondrosarcoma 4-7.
Can chondrosarcoma be cured?
The bone can be repaired with a bone graft or bone cement, if needed. Cutting away the cancer and some healthy tissue around it. Most chondrosarcomas require a procedure to cut away more of the bone in order to remove all of the cancer.
What’s a fibroma?
A fibroma is typically a benign fibroid or fibroid tumor. Fibromas are composed of fibrous, or connective, tissue.
Can a chondrosarcoma tumor be removed with radiation?
Overview. Others grow rapidly and have a high risk of metastasis. Surgical removal of the tumor is the mainstay of chondrosarcoma treatment. Radiation and chemotherapy are rarely helpful in the treatment of chondrosarcoma.
What kind of tumor is chondrosarcoma on the bone?
Ollier disease and Mafucci syndrome are conditions marked by an increased number of benign cartilage lesions (enchondromas) in the body. These lesions sometimes transform into chondrosarcoma. Azar FM, et al. Malignant tumors of bone.
What are the signs and symptoms of chondrosarcoma?
Chondrosarcoma signs and symptoms may include: 1 Increasing pain 2 A swelling or palpable mass 3 Fracture due to weakened bone
Who is most at risk for chondrosarcoma?
Risk factors. While chondrosarcoma can occur at any age, the most prevalent variety typically affects middle-aged to older adults. Ollier disease and Mafucci syndrome are conditions marked by an increased number of benign cartilage lesions (enchondromas) in the body.