What is an example of functionalist theory?

According to the functionalist perspective of sociology, each aspect of society is interdependent and contributes to society’s stability and functioning as a whole. For example, the government provides education for the children of the family, which in turn pays taxes on which the state depends to keep itself running.

What are the criticisms of the functionalist approach in explaining social stratification?

Critics of Davis and Moore’s theory suggest that stratification actually undermines the stability within a society due to unequal access to opportunities, the disproportionate amount of power given to elites, and the institutionalization of social distance between diverse members of a society.

What are the criticisms of the functionalist view of the family?

Parson’s has his critics too: Like Murdock Parsons is said to have an idealistic view of the family. he ignores family diversity. Parsons’ (structural approach – functionalism is a structural approach) forgets children create their own personalities – social action approach.

What are the criticisms of the functionalist perspective on Health & social Care?

Critics of the Functionalist Perspective It also assumes that the individual may not comply with expectations of the sick role, may not give up social obligations, may resist dependency, and may avoid the public sick role if their illness is stigmatized.

What are the main ideas of functionalism?

The primary concepts within Functionalism are collective conscience, value consensus, social order, education, family, crime and deviance and the media. Functionalist sociologists like Parsons and Durkheim have been concerned with the search for functions that institutions may have in society.

Why is the functionalist theory important?

Theory Overview Functionalism posits that society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each aspect of it works for the stability of the whole. Family, government, economy, media, education, and religion are important to understanding this theory and the core institutions that define sociology.

Why is the functionalist theory bad?

Functionalism has been criticized for its failure to account for social change and individual agency; some consider it conservatively biased. Functionalism has been criticized for attributing human-like needs to society. Emile Durkheim ‘s work is considered the foundation of functionalist theory in sociology.

What are the disadvantages of functionalism?


  • There is usually disagreements within society.
  • They put too much trust into organisations, who use this trust for their own personal gain.
  • Systems will fail, but society will still run without the failure.
  • It is deterministic.
  • It ignores the consequences of social disorder on the individual.

What are functionalist views on family?

Functionalists see the family as a particularly important institution as they see it as the ‘basic building block’ of society which performs the crucial functions of socialising the young and meeting the emotional needs of its members. Stable families underpin social order and economic stability.

What are the key principles of the functionalist theory?

What are examples of Functionalism?

Typical examples of the functional approach in operation are specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN) such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and the World Health Organization (WHO), each of which has nearly global membership.

What is the main idea of functionalism?