What is an example of complementary base pairing?

The four nitrogenous bases of DNA are thymine, adenine, guanine, and cytosine. Guanine and cytosine are bonded together by three hydrogen bonds; whereas, adenine and thymine are bonded together by two hydrogen bonds. This is known as complementary base pairing.

Does complementary mean base pairing?

The standard arrangement of bases in nucleotides in relation to their opposite pairing, such as thymine being paired with adenine and cytosine paired with guanine.

What are the complementary base pair arrangements?

Chargaff’s rule, also known as the complementary base pairing rule, states that DNA base pairs are always adenine with thymine (A-T) and cytosine with guanine (C-G). A purine always pairs with a pyrimidine and vice versa.

What is the base pairing rule for RNA?

Base-pairing rule – the rule stating that in dna, cytosine pairs with guanine and adenine pairs with thymine add in rna, adenine pairs with uracil.

What is complementary base pairing a level?

Complementary base pairing describes the manner in which the nitrogenous bases of the DNA molecules align with each other. Complementary base pairings are also responsible for the double-helix structure of DNA.

What is meant by base pairing?

Listen to pronunciation. (bays payr) Molecules called nucleotides, on opposite strands of the DNA double helix, that form chemical bonds with one another. These chemical bonds act like rungs in a ladder and help hold the two strands of DNA together.

Which complementary base pairing is unique to RNA?

DNA and RNA base pair complementarity

Nucleic Acid Nucleobases Base complement
DNA adenine(A), thymine(T), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A = T, G ≡ C
RNA adenine(A), uracil(U), guanine(G), cytosine(C) A = U, G ≡ C

Does RNA have complementary base pairing?

either of the nucleotide bases linked by a hydrogen bond on opposite strands of DNA or double-stranded RNA: guanine is the complementary base of cytosine, and adenine is the complementary base of thymine in DNA and of uracil in RNA.

What are the three base pairing rules?

The rules of base pairing (or nucleotide pairing) are:

  • A with T: the purine adenine (A) always pairs with the pyrimidine thymine (T)
  • C with G: the pyrimidine cytosine (C) always pairs with the purine guanine (G)

How does base pairing work?

The nucleotides in a base pair are complementary which means their shape allows them to bond together with hydrogen bonds. The A-T pair forms two hydrogen bonds. The C-G pair forms three. The hydrogen bonding between complementary bases holds the two strands of DNA together.