What is a synaptic integration?
Synaptic integration is the term used to describe how neurons ‘add up’ these inputs before the generation of a nerve impulse, or action potential. The process of synaptic integration is therefore modulated at multiple levels, contributing to the diverse and complex computational powers of the functioning brain.
What are the types of synaptic integration?
there are 2 primary forms of integration:
- SPATIAL: the changes in Vm introduced by 2 or more presynaptic neurons are added.
- TEMPORAL: the changes in Vm produced by multiple PSPs arriving from a single presynaptic neuron.
What are the steps in synaptic transmission?
The process of synaptic transmission involves four steps:
- I. Synthesis and Storage.
- II. Neurotransmitter Release.
- III. Neurotransmitter Postsynaptic Receptors.
- IV. Inactivation of Neurotransmitters.
- Types of Neurotransmitters.
What is the function of synaptic transmission?
Synaptic transmission is the process at synapses by which a chemical signal (a transmitter) is released from one neuron and diffuses to other neurons or target cells where it generates a signal which excites, inhibits or modulates cellular activity.
What is synaptic integration choose the correct option?
What is synaptic integration? Choose the correct option. A process by which multiple synaptic potentials combine within one postsynaptic neuron.
Where does signal integration occur?
Some of the integration takes place at presynaptic terminals where transmitter release is regulated by inputs from other sources. In addition to synaptic interactions, neurons and glial cells interact with each other via non-synaptic mechanisms such as volume transmission  or Ephaptic Interaction.
How does the synaptic gap work?
When stimulated by an electrical pulse, neurotransmitters of various types are released, and they cross the cell membrane into the synaptic gap between neurons. These chemicals then bind to chemical receptors in the dendrites of the receiving (post-synaptic) neuron.
What is the difference between synapse and synaptic cleft?
The main difference between synapse and synaptic cleft is that synapse is the junction between two neurons whereas synaptic cleft is the gap that separates the pre-synaptic and post-synaptic neuron.
What is the difference between synaptic cleft and synapse?
Hence, synapse and synaptic cleft are two structures found in between neurons. The main difference between synapse and synaptic cleft is that synapse is the junction between two neurons whereas synaptic cleft is the gap that separates the pre-synaptic and post-synaptic neuron.
What are the 3 types of synapses?
Terms in this set (9)
- Synapse. A junction that mediates information transfer from one neuron to the next from a neuron to an effector cell.
- Presynaptic neuron. Conducts impulses towards the synapse.
- Postsynaptic neuron.
- Axodendritic synapse.
- Axosomatic synapse.
- Chemical synapse.
- Excitatory synapse.
- Inhibitory synapse.
What is the function of neurotransmitters?
Neurotransmitters are often referred to as the body’s chemical messengers. They are the molecules used by the nervous system to transmit messages between neurons, or from neurons to muscles. Communication between two neurons happens in the synaptic cleft (the small gap between the synapses of neurons).
What happens when two or more synapses on a single postsynaptic neuron are activated at the same time?
However, when the synapses fire at nearly the same time, the EPSPs add up to produce an above-threshold depolarization, triggering an action potential.