What is a periorbital ecchymosis?

Introduction: Periorbital ecchymosis (PE) is caused by blood tracking along tissue plains into periorbital tissues, causing discoloration in the upper and lower eyelids. This clinical feature is most commonly associated with basal skull fractures.

What is subconjunctival ecchymosis?

Subconjunctival hemorrhage is when one or more blood spots appear on the white of your eye. The eye’s conjunctiva contains a lot of tiny blood vessels that can break. If they break, blood leaks between the conjunctiva and sclera. This bleeding is the bright red spot that you see on the white of your eye.

What causes ecchymosis?

Ecchymosis is usually caused by an injury, such as a bump, blow, or fall. This impact may cause a blood vessel to burst open leaking blood under the skin, creating a bruise. While bruises are very common and affect almost everyone, women tend get them more easily than others do.

How is periorbital ecchymosis treated?

Most of the time, patches of ecchymosis will go away without treatment. A person can reduce any pain or swelling with a cold compress or over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. If a person has not had an injury and the cause of ecchymosis is not obvious, a doctor may perform some diagnostic tests.

What is the difference between hematoma and ecchymosis?

A hematoma is defined as a solid swelling of clotted blood within the body’s tissues. Ecchymosis is a skin discoloration that results from bleeding underneath the skin and usually larger than 1 cm or .

What causes a spontaneous black eye?

Most black eyes are the result of blunt trauma that causes bleeding beneath the thin eyelid skin, producing the characteristic black and blue discoloration. A fracture deep inside the skull can also blacken both eyes in what they call “raccoon eyes,” even though the eye area itself was not injured.

What does ecchymosis indicate?

It could be ecchymosis. That’s the medical term for a type of bruise. This dark purple spot forms on your skin when blood leaks out of your blood vessels into the top layer of your skin. It’s usually from an injury, and it’s 1/2 inch long or bigger.

Why is the corner of my eye bruised?

Pain that’s localized to the corner of your eye can have several potential causes. Possible causes can include tear duct infections, blepharitis, and styes. Some of the conditions that affect the corner of your eye may be treated at home using warm compresses, gentle massage, or artificial tears.