What is a Grade 5 liver injury?

Grade V: laceration: parenchymal disruption involving >75% of hepatic lobe or >3 Couinaud segments within a single lobe; vascular: juxtahepatic venous injuries (ie, retrohepatic vena cava/central major hepatic veins).

How bad is a Grade 5 liver laceration?

Compared with patients with grade 3 and 4 liver injury, patients with grade 5 injury had a significantly overall higher mortality rate (21%, 29%, and 69%, respectively, p < 0.01) (Table ‚Äč 1). There were two liver-related mortalities secondary to hepatic failure in patients with grades 4 and 5 injury.

What grade is a major liver laceration?

Table 1

Grade Type Injury description
V Laceration Parenchymal disruption involving >75% of hepatic lobe or >3 Couinaud’s segments within a single lobe
Vascular Juxtahepatic venous injuries (i.e., retrohepatic vena cava/central major hepatic veins)
VI Vascular Hepatic avulsion

How many grades of liver lacerations are there?

The WSES Classification divides Hepatic Injuries into three classes: Minor (WSES grade I). Moderate (WSES grade II). Severe (WSES grade III and IV).

How bad is a Grade 3 liver laceration?

Grade III injury has a 15.7% mortality rate because of its complexity. A simple hepatic parenchymal laceration in the absence of active hemorrhage, diffuse peritoneal signs or other peritoneal injuries, a hemoperitoneum less than 500 mL, and no need for blood transfusions met the criteria for nonsurgical management.

Can a torn liver heal itself?

Liver injuries often heal without treatment, but sometimes surgery is needed to repair the injury or to remove part of the liver.

Do liver lacerations heal?

Liver Injury Healing of a simple liver laceration and subcapsular hematoma occurs in 2 to 4 months, whereas complex injuries require up to 6 months. The healing time for hepatic lacerations is different from subcapsular hematomas (Table 2).

Can you drink alcohol with a lacerated liver?

Do not drink alcohol or drive until you stop your pain medicines. Do not take herbal supplements until you talk to your doctor (vitamins are okay). Be sure to go to your follow-up visit if one is needed. You may need to have a blood test in the lab before you see the doctor.

How serious is a liver laceration?

It is the most commonly injured organ in abdominal trauma from both blunt and penetrating sources. A liver laceration is a tear in the liver tissue. Liver lacerations range in severity from mild to very severe or fatal. Uncontrolled bleeding is the most common problem resulting from liver wounds.

What is a grade 4 liver laceration?

grade IV. laceration: parenchymal disruption involving 25-75% hepatic lobe or involves 1-3 Couinaud segments. vascular injury with active bleeding breaching the liver parenchyma into the peritoneum.

How serious is a torn liver?

What happens if I get hit in the liver?

Even if you aren’t in pain or don’t feel like you have any injuries, you may still have internal injuries. A blow to your liver can cause bleeding you may not see or feel. After a while, the bleeding can start to affect how you feel, and your blood pressure can drop quickly.