What does the word Paramnesia mean?

a disorder of memory
: a disorder of memory especially : déjà vu sense 1.

What are the different types of Paramnesia?


  • Cognitive Disorders.
  • Capgras Delusion.
  • Hallucination.
  • Confabulation.
  • Familiarity.
  • Anosognosia.
  • Delusion.
  • Disorientation.

What does retrospective falsification mean?

Unconscious alteration or distortion of memories to make them satisfy present wishes or needs. [ From Latin retro backwards + specere, spectum to look] From: retrospective falsification in A Dictionary of Psychology » Subjects: Science and technology — Psychology.

What is confabulation in psychology?

Confabulation is a symptom of various memory disorders in which made-up stories fill in any gaps in memory. German psychiatrist Karl Bonhoeffer coined the term “confabulation” in 1900. He used it to describe when a person gives false answers or answers that sound fantastical or made up.

What is Reduplicative Paramnesia?

The subjective belief that a place has been duplicated, existing in at least two locations simultaneously, is termed reduplicative paramnesia (RP) and unlike other duplicative syndromes, is thought to be mainly due to a neurologic cause.

What is Capgras syndrome?

Background Capgras syndrome is characterized by a delusional belief that a person has been replaced by an imposter. It has been described in psychiatric and neurological (neurodegenerative and nonneurodegenerative) diseases.

What is delusional memory?

Delusional memories can be indistinguishable from spontaneous confabulations, except for the context. (psychosis; organic amnesia) in which they arise. There is substantial evidence that ‘frontal lobe’ or. ‘executive’ dysfunction is the setting in which spontaneous confabulations arise, and that schizophrenic.

What does confabulation mean?

Confabulation is a symptom of various memory disorders in which made-up stories fill in any gaps in memory. Someone with confabulation has memory loss that affects their higher reasoning. They subconsciously create stories as a way to conceal their memory loss.

What is decay in psychology?

Decay is a type of forgetting that occurs when memories fade over time. This does NOT apply to Long Term Memory, but rather sensory storage and Short Term Memory.

What is de Clerambault syndrome?

A syndrome which was first described by G.G. De Clerambault in 1885 is reviewed and a case is presented. Popularly called erotomania, the syndrome is characterized by the delusional idea, usually in a young woman, that a man whom she considers to be of higher social and/or professional standing is in love with her.

What is the Othello syndrome?

Othello syndrome (OS) is a type of paranoid delusional jealousy, characterized by the false absolute certainty of the infidelity of a partner, leading to preoccupation with a partner’s sexual unfaithfulness based on unfounded evidence (4).

Is Capgras syndrome a mental disorder?

What Is Capgras Syndrome? Capgras syndrome is a psychological condition. It’s also known as “imposter syndrome” or “Capgras delusion.” People who experience this syndrome will have an irrational belief that someone they know or recognize has been replaced by an imposter.