What does T2 mean in cancer staging?

This page was updated on August 19, 2021. Stage 2 cancer refers to larger tumors or cancers that have grown more deeply into nearby tissue. In this stage, the cancer may have spread to the lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body.

What stage is T2?

T2: Tumor is more than 2 cm but not more than 5 cm (2 inches) across. T3: Tumor is more than 5 cm across. T4 (includes T4a, T4b, T4c, and T4d): Tumor of any size growing into the chest wall or skin. This includes inflammatory breast cancer.

How big is a T2 tumor?

T2: The tumor is larger than 20 mm but not larger than 50 mm. T3: The tumor is larger than 50 mm. T4: The tumor falls into 1 of the following groups: T4a means the tumor has grown into the chest wall.

What does T1 and T2 mean in cancer?

T1: The tumor has grown into the submucosa, which is the layer of tissue underneath the mucosa or lining of the colon. T2: The tumor has grown into the muscularis propria, a deeper, thick layer of muscle that contracts to force along the contents of the intestines.

Can Stage 2 cancer be cured?

Stage II breast cancers are curable with current multi-modality treatment consisting of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hormonal therapy. Effective treatment of stage II breast cancer requires both local and systemic therapy.

Is Grade 2 cancer curable?

This is considered early stage and most curable. Stage II. Cancer is in the organ where it first started. It may be a bit larger than stage I and/or may have spread to nearby lymph nodes.

Does size of colon tumor matter?

The “T” in TNM staging reflects the depth of local invasion rather than absolute tumor size in colon cancer. Smaller tumor size is generally associated with better survival in colon cancer. However, smaller tumor size is associated with poor survival in stage II colon cancer.

What is T2 tumor in throat?

T2: The tumor involves more than 1 site in the lower throat, or the tumor measures between 2 cm and 4 cm but does not touch the voice box. T3: The tumor is larger than 4 cm or has spread to the larynx or esophagus.

Does tumor size determine colon cancer stage?

Background: American Joint Committee on Cancer uses tumor size for “T” staging of many solid tumors for its effect on prognosis. However, tumor size has not been incorporated in tumor (T), nodal status (N), metastasis (M) staging for colon cancer.

What do the letters mean in cancer staging?

In the TNM system, the overall stage is determined after the cancer is assigned a letter or number to describe the tumor (T), node (N), and metastasis (M) categories. T describes the original (primary) tumor. N tells whether the cancer has spread to the nearby lymph nodes.