What does dorsal foot mean in anatomy?

The dorsum of foot is the area facing upwards while standing.

What are the parts of the bottom of a foot?

The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The midfoot is a pyramid-like collection of bones that form the arches of the feet. These include the three cuneiform bones, the cuboid bone, and the navicular bone. The hindfoot forms the heel and ankle.

What is the top of foot called?


  • Talus – the bone on top of the foot that forms a joint with the two bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula.
  • Calcaneus – the largest bone of the foot, which lies beneath the talus to form the heel bone.
  • Tarsals – five irregularly shaped bones of the midfoot that form the foot’s arch.

Is dorsal foot top or bottom?

Dorsal Aspect (Top of the Foot) Two main intrinsic muscles are located within the dorsal aspect. The extensor digitorum brevis which is responsible for extending toes 2-4. The other intrinsic muscle on the top side of your foot is the extensor hallucis brevis, which aids in extending the big toe.

Is the top of the foot called dorsal?

Both the midfoot and forefoot constitute the dorsum (the area facing upwards while standing) and the planum (the area facing downwards while standing). The instep is the arched part of the top of the foot between the toes and the ankle.

Is the sole of the foot dorsal?

The foot can be divided into two main parts – the sole or plantar region, which is the part of the foot contacting the ground, and the dorsum of the foot or the dorsal region, which is the part directed superiorly.

What is the area under your toes called?

This is the area on the sole of your foot, just before your toes. It is sometimes called the ball of your foot. Metatarsalgia can be caused by a number of different conditions affecting the foot.

What is back of foot called?

The two bones that make up the back part of the foot (sometimes referred to as the hindfoot) are the talus and the calcaneus, or heel bone. The talus is connected to the calcaneus at the subtalar joint. The ankle joint allows the foot to bend up and down. The subtalar joint allows the foot to rock from side to side.

Is dorsal front or back?

Directional Terms Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg). Posterior or dorsal – back (example, the shoulder blades are located on the posterior side of the body).

What is the only muscle with a belly at the dorsal surface of foot?

Extensor digitorum brevis muscle The EDB originates at the superlateral surface of the calcaneus and divides into three muscle bellies whose tendons insert at the dorsal aponeurosis and the middle phalanges of the second to fourth toes.