What are the symptoms of actinomycosis?


  • Draining sores in the skin, especially on the chest wall from lung infection with actinomyces.
  • Fever.
  • Mild or no pain.
  • Swelling or a hard, red to reddish-purple lump on the face or upper neck.
  • Weight loss.

Is actinomycosis a cancer?

Although there are multiple cases reported of abdominopelvic actinomycosis mimicking malignancy, our case appears to be unique in that the infection coexisted with rectal cancer, developing during its treatment and leading to irresectability.

What is formed at actinomycosis?

It is characterized by contiguous spread, suppurative and granulomatous inflammation, and formation of multiple abscesses and sinus tracts that may discharge sulfur granules. The most common clinical forms of actinomycosis are cervicofacial (ie, lumpy jaw), thoracic, and abdominal.

What causes Cervicofacial actinomycosis?

Cervicofacial actinomycosis is caused by branching gram-positive bacteria belonging to the order Actinomycetales, family Actinomycetaceae, genus Actinomyces [3].

Is actinomycosis serious?

Actinomycosis is a rare type of bacterial infection. It can be very serious but can usually be cured with antibiotics.

What happens if leaving actinomycosis untreated?

Actinomycosis starts in the soft tissues of the body, but it can infect any surrounding bone if it’s left untreated. Surgery may be necessary to remove any infected bone. If the infection resides in the nasal sinuses, surgery may be required to remove damaged bone and tissue.

Is actinomycosis curable?

Does Actinomyces need to be treated?

In most cases of actinomycosis, antimicrobial therapy is the only treatment required, although surgery can be adjunctive in selected cases. Penicillin G is the drug of choice for treating infections caused by actinomycetes.

Are Actinomyces bad?

Most people have Actinomyces bacteria in the lining of the mouth, throat, digestive tract, and urinary tract, and it is present in the female genital tract. The bacteria live harmlessly in the body, but they become dangerous if they spread out of their usual environment.

How is actinomycosis treated?

Conventional therapy for actinomycosis is high-dose intravenous penicillin at a dosage of 18–24 million U daily for 2–6 weeks, followed by oral penicillin or amoxicillin for a period of 6–12 months [1, 2].

Can Actinomyces be cured?

Antibiotics are the primary treatment for actinomycosis. High doses of penicillin are usually necessary to cure the infection. If you’re allergic to penicillin, your doctor can give you other antibiotics, such as: tetracycline.

Can actinomycosis be cured?

How does actinomycosis affect the face and neck?

Actinomycosis is a chronic bacterial infection that commonly affects the face and neck. It is usually caused by an anaerobic bacteria called Actinomyces israelii. Actinomyces are normal inhabitants of the mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and female genital tract, and do not cause an infection unless there is a break in the skin or mucosa.

How is the diagnosis of Actinomyces usually made?

Normal flora of mouth, gut, genital tract. Diagnosis is often made by histopathology — not by culture, even when suspected. Slowly progressing infection, often with granulomatous features categorized according to the body site (orocervical, thoracic, abdominopelvic).

What kind of infection is caused by Actinomyces israelii?

Actinomycosis is a chronic localized or hematogenous anaerobic infection caused by Actinomyces israelii and other species of Actinomyces. Findings are a local abscess with multiple draining sinuses, a TB-like pneumonitis, and low-grade septicemia.

What are the symptoms of pelvic actinomycosis?

Clinically, pelvic actinomycosis usually presents as a low grade smoldering infection. The initial symptoms are mild: often general ill health and slight fever, with chills and sweats. Offensive discharge, pelvic tenderness, or a mass may develop late, and occasionally the patient is hospitalized with a ruptured pelvic abscess.