What are the properties and uses of tungsten?

Tungsten is the heaviest engineering material with a density of 19.25 g/cm3. It has the highest melting point of all metals at 3410∞C with a boiling point of 5700∞C. It has the lowest vapour pressure of all metals. It has the highest modulus of elasticity of the metals (E = 400GPa).

What is tungsten used for in electronics?

Electronic & Electrical Industries Tungsten is practically the only material used for electron emitters. Tungsten is one of the most important components in modern integrated circuitry and tungsten-copper heat sinks are used to remove the heat of microelectronic devices.

What products are made from tungsten?

For instance, tungsten alloyed with carbon forms incredibly hard tungsten carbide. This material is used in golf clubs, drill bits, grinding burrs, lathe cutting bits, saw blades, cutting wheels, milling bits, wire pulling dies, water-jet cutter nozzles and armor-piercing artillery shells.

What are 5 chemical properties of tungsten?


atomic number 74
melting point 3,410 °C (6,152 °F)
boiling point 5,660 °C (10,220 °F)
density 19.3 grams/cm3 at 20 °C (68 °F)
oxidation states +2, +3, +4, +5, +6

What are 3 uses of tungsten?

Current uses are as electrodes, heating elements and field emitters, and as filaments in light bulbs and cathode ray tubes. Tungsten is commonly used in heavy metal alloys such as high speed steel, from which cutting tools are manufactured. It is also used in the so-called ‘superalloys’ to form wear-resistant coatings.

What are the advantages of tungsten?

Six Advantages of Using Tungsten Metal

  • Resistance to high temperatures. Of all metals in their purest form, tungsten has the highest melting point (3422°C).
  • High-density. Tungsten benefits from a very high density.
  • Low thermal expansion.
  • Electronic structure.
  • Corrosion-resistance.
  • Strength in fabrication.

What are 2 chemical properties of tungsten?

Chemical properties of Tungsten – Health effects of Tungsten – Environmental effects of Tungsten

Atomic number 74
Electronegativity accoridin to Pauling 1.7
Density 19.3 g.cm-3 at 20°C
Melting point 3410 °C
Boiling point 5660 °C

What are 2 uses of tungsten?

What are the facts about the element tungsten?

Tungsten is a transition metal element. Know everything about Tungsten Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure. Tungsten, also known as wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W and atomic number 74.

What kind of applications can tungsten be used for?

Because it retains its strength at high temperatures and has a high melting point, elemental tungsten is used in many high-temperature applications, such as light bulb, cathode-ray tube, and vacuum tube filaments, heating elements, and rocket engine nozzles.

When was tungsten used to make colored cotton?

1847: Tungsten salts are used to make colored cotton and to make clothes used for theatrical and other purposes fireproof. 1855: The Bessemer process is invented, allowing for the mass production of steel.

When was tungsten used in the oil industry?

1930s: New applications arose for tungsten compounds in the oil industry for the hydrotreating of crude oils. 1940: The development of iron, nickel, and cobalt-based superalloys begin, to fill the need for a material that can withstand the incredible temperatures of jet engines.