What are the four types of hypertonia?
What is Hypertonia?
- Spastic hypertonia: This type of hypertonia causes the body to have random and uncontrollable muscle spasms. The spasms can affect one or multiple muscle groups throughout the body.
- Dystonic hypertonia: This type is associated with muscle rigidity and lack of flexibility.
What is adult hypotonia?
Hypotonia is the medical term for decreased muscle tone. For example, a person relies on the tone in their back and neck muscles to maintain their position when standing or sitting up. Muscle tone decreases during sleep, so if you fall asleep sitting up, you may wake up with your head flopped forward.
What causes hypertonia in UMN lesions?
Hypertonia is caused by upper motor neuron lesions which may result from injury, disease, or conditions that involve damage to the central nervous system. The lack of or decrease in upper motor neuron function leads to loss of inhibition with resultant hyperactivity of lower motor neurons.
What are the symptoms of hypertonia?
Common symptoms include:
- Difficulty moving around.
- Awkward movements.
- Muscle resistance when your child tries to move.
- Muscle spasms.
- Uncontrolled crossing of the legs.
Can Hypertonia go away?
In some cases, such as cerebral palsy, the hypertonia may not change over the course of a lifetime. in other cases, the hypertonia may worsen along with the underlying disease If the hypertonia is mild, it has little or no effect on a person’s health.
Does Hypertonia always mean cerebral palsy?
However, high muscle tone is not always indicative of cerebral palsy. Hypertonia can be the result of any sort of damage to the central nervous system (the brain or spinal cord) such as a spinal cord injury, stroke, or traumatic brain injury.
Does hypotonia affect the heart?
Aside form hypotonia, features of Down’s Syndrome include a short neck, excess skin folds on back of neck, eyes that slant upwards, a small head and flat nose and facial profile. Intelligence level is also affected and there is an increased risk of a congenital heart defect and problems with vision and hearing.
Is hypotonia a disability?
Some children with benign congenital hypotonia have minor developmental delays or learning disabilities. These disabilities may continue through childhood. Hypotonia can be caused by conditions that affect the brain, central nervous system, or muscles.
Why are there so many causes of Hypertonia?
This can occur for many reasons, such as a blow to the head, stroke, brain tumors, toxins that affect the brain, neurodegenerative processes such as in multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease, or neurodevelopmental abnormalities such as in cerebral palsy. Hypertonia often limits how easily the joints can move.
What can untreated hypertonia lead to?
Untreated hypertonia can lead to loss of function and deformity. Treatment can include physical and/or occupational therapy or medications. Injections of botulism toxin (botox) are sometimes used in the treatment for chronic hypertonia in cerebral palsy and other disorders. Also known as spasticity.