What are brainstem lesions?

Brainstem cavernous angiomas are lesions that can be found in the pons, medulla, or midbrain regions. The brainstem is referred to as an ‘eloquent’ region of the brain because so many important functions are controlled by the nerves in this area.

What causes brainstem lesion?

What diseases cause brain lesions? Stroke, vascular injury, or impaired supply of blood to the brain is perhaps the leading cause of lesions on the brain. Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a disease where brain lesions are located in multiple sites of the brain.

Are brainstem lesions ipsilateral?

So far the lesion could be anywhere in the medial aspect of the brainstem, although if the face is also affected it has to be above the mid pons, the level where the 7th nerve nucleus is. Remember the cranial nerve palsy will be ipsilateral to the side of the lesion and the hemiparesis will be contralateral.

What disorders are associated with the brainstem?

Brainstem Cerebellum Central pontine myelinolysis Lateral medullary syndrome Wallenberg’s syndrome Spinocerebellar atrophy Mesencephalon Pons Medulla Ataxia Horner’s syndrome Hyponatremia.

How long can you live with a brain lesion?

The 5-year survival rate for people with a cancerous brain or CNS tumor is 36%. The 10-year survival rate is about 31%. Survival rates decrease with age. The 5-year survival rate for people younger than age 15 is more than 75%.

Can a lesion be cancerous?

An area of abnormal tissue. A lesion may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

What is the other name of brain stem?

The brainstem (or brain stem) is the posterior stalk-like part of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord. In the human brain the brainstem is composed of the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata.

What are the symptoms of brain stem compression?

In this article, we briefly review, compression of the brainstem symptoms of dizziness, fainting, blurred vision, visual and auditory disturbances, flushing, sweating, tearing of the eyes, runny nose, vertigo, numbness, and tingling, and difficulty swallowing or talking, and drop attacks.

What is the difference between a brain lesion and a brain tumor?

Broadly speaking, brain lesions consist of certain types of damage to the tissues of the brain. Trauma to the head, certain health conditions, and tumors (malignant or benign) are all considered brain lesions. The causes of brain lesions vary from person to person.