What are biofertilizers give examples?

Biofertilizers such as Rhizobium, Azotobacter, Azospirilium and blue green algae (BGA) have been in use a long time. Rhizobium inoculant is used for leguminous crops. Azotobacter can be used with crops like wheat, maize, mustard, cotton, potato and other vegetable crops.

Which biofertilizer used for groundnut?

Integrated use of Lime + FYM + 50% NPK along with Rhizobium + PSM was the best for groundnut.

How are biofertilizers produced?

Solid-state fermentation and submerged fermentation are two main types of fermentation, used for the production of biofertilizers. Each type of biofertilizer is prepared by selection of efficient microbial strain, its cultivation using specific nutrient medium, scale-up, and formulation using solid or liquid base.

What is bacterial biofertilizer?

Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are naturally-occurring soil bacteria able to benefit plants by improving their productivity and immunity. These bacteria are associated with the rhizosphere, the part of soil under the influence of plant roots and their exudates.

What are biofertilizers give two examples?

Several microorganisms are commonly used as biofertilizers including nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria (Azotobacter, Rhizobium), nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria (Anabaena), phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (Pseudomonas sp.), and AM fungi.

What are biofertilizers and its advantages?

Advantages of biofertilizers: Microbes in biofertilizers provide atmospheric nitrogen directly to plants. They aid in solubilisation and mineralisation of other plant nutrients like phosphates. Better synthesis and availability of hormones, vitamins, auxins and other growth-promoting substances improves plant growth.

Which is the best fertilizer for groundnut?

Among the available nitrogenous fertilizers, ammonium sulphate is preferred for groundnut crop because of its sulphur content (24%). It can be used in both rainfed and irrigated conditions. In top-dressing also, it can be used before irrigation or after irrigation at the time of proper soil condition.

Is groundnut a kharif crop?

Groundnut is raised mostly as a rainfed kharif crop, being sown from May to June, depending on the monsoon rains. It is sown as late as August or early September. As an irrigated crop it is grown to limited extent between January and March and between in May and July.

What are the types of biofertilizers?

Types of Biofertilizers

  • Symbiotic Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria. Rhizobium is one of the vital symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
  • Loose Association of Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria.
  • Symbiotic Nitrogen-Fixing Cyanobacteria.
  • Free-Living Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria.
  • Bio Compost.
  • Tricho-Card.
  • Azotobacter.
  • Phosphorus.

What are the disadvantages of biofertilizers?

The disadvantages of biofertilizers

  • Biofertilizers provide lower nutrient density than chemical fertilizers, so more product is often required for the same effect.
  • Biofertilizer production requires specific machinery.
  • Biofertilizers can be difficult to store and may have a much shorter shelf-life than chemical fertilizers.

What is the purpose of biofertilizers?

Biofertilizer can be defined as biological products containing living microorganisms that, when applied to seed, plant surfaces, or soil, promote growth by several mechanisms such as increasing the supply of nutrients, increasing root biomass or root area and increasing nutrient uptake capacity of the plant (Vessey.

What are different types of biofertilizers?

Based on type of microorganism, the bio-fertilizer can also be classified as follows: Bacterial Biofertilizers: e.g. Rhizobium, Azospirilium, Azotobacter, Phosphobacteria. Fungal Biofertilizers: e.g. Mycorhiza. Algal Biofertilizers: e.g. Blue Green Algae (BGA) and Azolla.

What does a biofertilizer do to a plant?

INTRODUTION A biofertilizer is a substance which contains living microorganisms, when applied to seed, plant surfaces, or soil, colonizes the rhizosphere or the interior of the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host plant.

Which is the most common type of biofertilizer?

Bacteria biofertilizers are the most common types of biofertilizers. They are bacteria that help in fixing different nutrients needed for plant growth in the soil. They fix Nitrogen, solubilize Phosphorus and secrete other growth-enhancing substances to support plant growth.

What are the final products of glycolysis?

The final product of glycolysis is pyruvate in aerobic settings and lactate in anaerobic conditions. Pyruvate enters the Krebs cycle for further energy production. What are the products of glucose?

Why is Rhizobium used as a biofertilizer?

Rhizobium as a biofertilizer forms a symbiotic relationship with these crops; the root provides an abode for the bacteria while the bacteria, in turn, fix Nitrogen into the soil for the plant uptake. This is why legumes are the best choice in an intercropping form of crop cultivation.