Was there an El Niño in 2015?

The evolution of the 2015/16 El Niño. The two strongest El Niños of the 20th century were those of 1982/83 and 1997/98, each of which was considered at the time a ‘once-in-a-century’ event. The El Niño of 2015/16 is in the same class as those of 1982/83 and 1997/98, and it set new records in the NINO4 and NINO3.

When did Florida experience El Niño?

The current El Niño is one of the strongest seen in decades and rivals the 1997-98 El Niño event. During that event, Florida experienced its deadliest tornado outbreak, and record rainfall and flooding.

What happens in Florida during an El Niño?

El Niño generally brings above average precipitation to Florida during Fall-Winter-Spring… reduced risk of wildfires… higher risk of flooding. Increased storminess across the southern U.S. increases the threat of severe weather in Florida during El Niño winters.

How does La Niña affect Florida weather?

Historically speaking, La Niña seasons bump Florida’s “winter” temperatures up to 4 degrees above normal as it begins to stabilize the jet stream. This phenomenon draws cooler temperatures outwards from the state and traps cold air away from the southern states like Florida.

Is 2020 El Niño year?

Following the 2020-2021 La Niña event the Tropical Pacific has been ENSO-neutral according to both oceanic and atmospheric indicators since about May 2021. Sub-surface temperature anomalies are currently below average in the eastern Pacific, and they have supported the recent cooling seen at the surface.

What is El Niño easy explanation?

El Niño is a climate pattern that describes the unusual warming of surface waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. El Nino is the “warm phase” of a larger phenomenon called the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). El Niño was recognized by fishers off the coast of Peru as the appearance of unusually warm water.

What is a positive effect of El Niño?

On the other hand, in the United States, El Niño typically brings wet weather to California (benefiting lime, almond, and avocado crops, among others), warmer winters in the Northeast, increased rainfall in the South, diminished tornado activity in the Midwest, and a decrease in the number of hurricanes that hit the …

Where does it get drier during an El Niño?

But in the U.S. Gulf Coast and Southeast, these periods are wetter than usual and have increased flooding. El Niño causes the Pacific jet stream to move south and spread further east. During winter, this leads to wetter conditions than usual in the Southern U.S. and warmer and drier conditions in the North.

Is La Nina year 2020?

The 2020-2021 La Niña event has concluded, according to both oceanic and atmospheric indicators.

Is 2020 a La Nina or El Niño year?

But forecasters at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center have issued a La Niña Watch, which means they see La Niña likely emerging (~55%) during the September-November period and lasting through winter. June 2021 sea surface temperature departure from the 1991-2020 average. Image from Data Snapshots on Climate.gov.

Are we still in La Niña?

The Southern Oscillation Index and Equatorial Southern Oscillation Index, both of which measure the atmospheric component of ENSO (more details here), are also indicating neutral conditions. Hence, the ENSO forecast team has concluded that La Niña is over, despite the sea surface temperature anomaly.

What did El Nino do to Florida in 2015?

El Niño has significantly reduced Atlantic hurricane activity this 2015 season. El Niño is expected to bring above average precipitation to Florida during Fall-Winter-Spring…reduced risk of wildfires…higher risk of flooding. Increased storminess across the southern U.S. increases the threat of severe weather in Florida this winter.

How often does El Nino cause tornadoes in Florida?

The El Niño tornado signal is not as pronounced farther north as in central and south Florida. In north Florida, southeast Alabama, and south Georgia, the threat is always there during the winter, producing between 10 and 15 tornadoes events per year.

How does El Nino affect the global climate?

With El Niño present across the equatorial Pacific Ocean, For latest Seasonal Outlooks, refer to NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center: El Niño has global impacts: some negative, some positive. Even for Florida and the Southeast U.S., some El Niño influences are beneficial; some not so beneficial.

When is the peak of the El Nino?

Peak is still expected during late fall / early winter, potentially near or exceeding 2°C. Based on current observations and dynamical model forecasts, El Niño is expected to strengthen and last through Northern Hemisphere winter 2015-16. A strong El Niño event is most likely this winter.