Is coarctation of the aorta ductal dependent?

Coarctation may be caused by the presence of extra ductal tissue extending into the adjacent aorta which results in aortic narrowing as the ductal tissue contracts. In babies with coarctation, the aortic arch may also be small (hypoplastic).

Does coarctation of the aorta cause left ventricular hypertrophy?

Coarctation of the aorta imposes significant afterload on the left ventricle (LV), which results in increased wall stress and compensatory ventricular hypertrophy.

Does coarctation of the aorta cause cyanosis?

Differential cyanosis (pink upper extremities with cyanotic lower extremities) may occur when right-to-left shunt across a patent ductus arteriosus provides flow to the lower body.

Can coarctation of the aorta be hereditary?

The heritability of coarctation is estimated at 58%. The tendency for other non-cardiac defects to occur in the patients with coarctation does not appear in their sibs and is not so pronounced as in some other congenital heart conditions.

Is coarctation of the aorta serious?

Coarctation of the aorta is often considered a critical congenital heart defect (critical CHD) because if the narrowing is severe enough and it is not diagnosed, the baby may have serious problems soon after birth. CCHDs also can be detected with newborn pulse oximetry screening.

How long can you live with coarctation?

Aortic coarctation is found in approximately 1:3000 newborns and, if left untreated, reduces the life expectancy to 34 years on average [1].

How do you fix coarctation of the aorta?

Your doctor might treat your coarctation by cutting across the narrowed area of the aorta and then attaching a patch of synthetic material to widen the blood vessel. Patch aortoplasty is useful if the coarctation involves a long segment of the aorta.

Can coarctation of the aorta be cured?

Coarctation of the aorta can be cured with surgery. Symptoms quickly get better after surgery. However, there is an increased risk for death due to heart problems among those who have had their aorta repaired.

What is the main symptom of coarctation of the aorta?

Signs or symptoms of coarctation of the aorta after infancy commonly include: High blood pressure. Headaches. Muscle weakness.

How long can you live with coarctation of the aorta?

Does coarctation of the aorta require surgery?

Coarctation of the aorta is a birth defect in which a part of the aorta is narrower than usual. If the narrowing is severe enough and if it is not diagnosed, the baby may have serious problems and may need surgery or other procedures soon after birth.

What can happen if the coarctation is not repaired?

If not treated, it can lead to coronary artery disease, kidneys not working well, high blood pressure in the upper body and low blood pressure in the lower body, and even death. COA can be fixed by cardiac catheterization or surgery.

What are the side effects of coarctation of the aorta?

Complications are also possible after treatment for coarctation of the aorta. Complications of coarctation of the aorta may include: Premature coronary artery disease — narrowing of the blood vessels that supply the heart A weakened or bulging artery in the brain (brain aneurysm) or bleeding in the brain (hemorrhage)

When does coarctation of the aorta occur in a baby?

A baby may develop congestive heart failure or high blood pressure. If the obstruction is mild, the heart won’t be very overworked and symptoms may not occur. In some children and adolescents, coarctation is discovered only after high blood pressure is found.

What does CoA mean in relation to heart defects?

Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) refers to a narrowing of the aortic lumen. Coarctations account for between 5-8% of all congenital heart defects. They are more frequent in males, M:F ratio of ~2-3:1. Varies accordingly to the degree of stenosis and the associated abnormalities. Patients may be asymptomatic in a setting of a non-severe stenosis.

When do you need surgery for coarctation of the aorta?

Coarctation of the aorta is a birth defect in which a part of the aorta is narrower than usual.If the narrowing is severe enough and if it is not diagnosed, the baby may have serious problems and may need surgery or other procedures soon after birth.