How is the HADS scale scored?

The HADS questionnaire has seven items each for depression and anxiety subscales. Scoring for each item ranges from zero to three, with three denoting highest anxiety or depression level. A total subscale score of >8 points out of a possible 21 denotes considerable symptoms of anxiety or depression.

Is the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale reliable?

The findings from this study are consistent with the analyses conducted with other populations in other countries: the HADS has good reliability and discriminant validity; its bi-dimensional structure allows one score to be calculated for anxiety symptoms and one score for depression symptoms.

What does the hospital anxiety and depression scale measure?

The HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) aims to measure symptoms of anxiety (HADS Anxiety) and depression (HADS Depression). The HADS is widely used but has shown ambiguous results both regarding the factor structure and sex differences in the prevalence of depressive symptoms.

Is the HADS free to use?

The use of the questionnaire is licensed by GL Assessment. A license agreement must be completed beforehand and a user fee is required to all users (commercial, healthcare organizations and academic users).

How is hads calculated?

The HADS is a self-report rating scale of 14 items on a 4-point Likert scale (range 0–3). It is designed to measure anxiety and depression (7 items for each subscale). The total score is the sum of the 14 items, and for each subscale the score is the sum of the respective seven items (ranging from 0–21).

How is GAD 7 scored?

The GAD-7 score is calculated by assigning scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3, to the response categories of “not at all,” “several days,” “more than half the days,” and “nearly every day,” respectively, and then adding together the scores for the seven questions. GAD-7 total score for the seven items ranges from 0 to 21.

Who created the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale?

Brief history. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was devised 30 years ago by Zigmond and Snaith [1] to measure anxiety and depression in a general medical population of patients. It has become a popular tool, for clinical practice and research: a PubMed search returned 1961 papers!

How is HADS calculated?

What is a high anxiety score?

0 to 4 = mild anxiety. 5 to 9 = moderate anxiety. 10 to 14 = moderately severe anxiety. 15 to 21 = severe anxiety.

When do we use HADS?

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a frequently used self-rating scale developed to assess psychological distress in non-psychiatric patients. It consists of two subscales, Anxiety and Depression [5].

What is a positive PHQ 9 score?

PHQ-9 score ≥10 had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 88% for major depression. It can even be used over the telephone….

Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)
Trouble concentrating on things, such as reading the newspaper or watching television? Not at all Several days More than half the days Nearly every day

How long does the GAD-7 take to complete?

The GAD-7 is a self-administered patient questionnaire and it takes about 1-2 minutes to complete.

Is the validity of the HADS scale valid?

The concurrent validity of each of the two HADS scales, HADS Depression subscale (HADS-D) and HADS Anxiety subscale (HADS-A), has been demonstrated with populations suffering from various pathologies, in different countries and with a variety of methodologies: Clinical interviews and/or standardized tools.

What should the alpha coefficient of SPSS be?

It is the average correlation between all values on a scale. In other words, the value of Cronbach’s alpha coefficient is between 0 and 1, with a higher number indicating better reliability. Finally, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient should be higher than 0.70; that scale has good internal validity and reliability.

How to do reliability analysis in SPSS Statistics?

Click Analyze > Scale > Reliability Analysis… on the top menu, as shown below: Published with written permission from SPSS Statistics, IBM Corporation. You will be presented with the Reliability Analysis dialogue box, as shown below: Published with written permission from SPSS Statistics, IBM Corporation.

Is the Hospital Anxiety and depres sion Scale ( HADS ) reliable?

Hospital Anxiety and Depres sion Scale ( HADS) i s a tool for identifying anxiet y and depression in general hospital patients. HADS has been used i n many language has not been done before. depression of stroke patients in Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar. A cross-sectional observational study design.