How does BGA rework station work?

Type or Heat Source As the names imply, hot air rework stations achieve the heat needed to reflow BGA solder by blowing hot air onto the circuit card asseblies. IR BGA rework stations have IR lamps that admit infrared light used to heat BGA components to the point of reflow. There are pros and cons of both types.

What does a BGA machine do?

A ball grid array (BGA) is a type of surface-mount packaging (a chip carrier) used for integrated circuits. BGA packages are used to permanently mount devices such as microprocessors. A BGA can provide more interconnection pins than can be put on a dual in-line or flat package.

How is BGA soldered?

The BGA soldering technique In the PCB assembly process, the BGA is soldered on to the circuit board by the solder reflow process, using a reflow oven. During this process, the solder balls melt in the reflow oven.

What is BGA reworking?

IR BGA rework stations have IR lamps that admit infrared light used to heat BGA components to the point of reflow. There are pros and cons of both types. Hot Air rework stations have been around the longest, so technicians may be more familiar with this type of system.

How many times can a BGA be reworked?

We specify 6 preconditioning cycles to simulate assembly processes. Our reliability test results, then, are only valid up to 6 thermal cycles. As Mr. O’Brien points out, a board with one reflow cycle has margin for only one BGA replacement.

What does reballing a GPU do?

Reballing involves dismantling, heating the chip until it can be removed from the board, typically with a hot-air gun and vacuum pickup tool, removing the device, removing solder remaining on the device and board, putting new solder balls in place, replacing the original device if there was a poor connection, or using …

Does BGA need solder paste?

In most cases BGA rework can be achieved, and is often more reliable, without addition of solder paste (i.e., using only the solder balls). This assumes a good site prep and proper flux process. In cases where there may be planarity issues, solder paste can be beneficial.

How do I replace my BGA?

  1. Step 1: Clean the Location.
  2. Step 2: Align and Place the Stencil on BGA.
  3. Step 3: Apply Pressure to Activate Adhesive.
  4. Step 4: Squeegee Solder Paste Into Apertures.
  5. Step 5: Place the Replacement Device in the Stencil Apertures.
  6. Step 6: Reflow and Inspect.

How do I replace my BGA part?

Can laptop GPU be repaired?

On most laptops, the graphics card is integrated onto the motherboard which means you’ll need to replace the entire motherboard. Some gaming laptops have replaceable graphics cards though, so it may be possible to replace it without replacing the entire board.

What does a BGA rework station stand for?

Thus, BGA rework stations are frequently named SMD rework stations or surface-mounted technology (SMT) rework stations. The features of each BGA rework station dictates the size of the PCBs that can be reworked and the types and volume of jobs that can be performed.

What kind of software do I need for BGA rework?

Analyze BGA’s, QFN’s, Lead Attach, Wire Sweeps and more, or request specialized software tools designed specifically for your application. Choose from 90kV, or 130kV, systems equipped with Flat Panel Detector Systems, or traditional Image Intensifiers.

Which is the best system for SMT / BGA rework?

In addition to their outstanding cost/price ratio, Ersa systems have established their position in the market because they continue to deliver the best results even for the most challenging SMT / BGA rework applications. From smallest chip components (01005) up to the largest BGA, Ersa Rework Systems allow sucessful touch-up with the first process.

Which is the best rework station for PCB repair?

The PDR Rework Station is such a station. It is so easy to operate that technicians are able to instantly achieve excellent process control for BGA/SMT rework without the complexities and frustrations normally associated with ‘high-end’ rework stations.