How do I redirect stdout to a file in Linux?

Redirecting stdout and stderr to a file: The I/O streams can be redirected by putting the n> operator in use, where n is the file descriptor number. For redirecting stdout, we use “1>” and for stderr, “2>” is added as an operator.

How do I redirect output and error to a file in Linux?

The syntax is as follows to redirect output (stdout) as follows:

  1. command-name > output.txt command-name > stdout.txt.
  2. command-name 2> errors.txt command-name 2> stderr.txt.
  3. command1 > out.txt 2> err.txt command2 -f -z -y > out.txt 2> err.txt.
  4. command1 > everything.txt 2>&1 command1 -arg > everything.txt 2>&1.

How do I redirect stderr and stdout in bash?

2> is input redirection symbol and syntax is:

  1. To redirect stderr (standard error) to a file: command 2> errors.txt.
  2. Let us redirect both stderr and stdout (standard output): command &> output.txt.
  3. Finally, we can redirect stdout to a file named myoutput.txt, and then redirect stderr to stdout using 2>&1 (errors.txt):

Which of the following is used to redirect stderr stdout?

Using 2>&1 will redirect stderr to whatever value is set to stdout (and 1>&2 will do the opposite).

How do I redirect in Linux?


  1. Each file in Linux has a corresponding File Descriptor associated with it.
  2. The keyboard is the standard input device while your screen is the standard output device.
  3. “>” is the output redirection operator. “>>”
  4. “<” is the input redirection operator.
  5. “>&”re-directs output of one file to another.

How do I redirect in bash?

In general you can write command n>file , which will redirect the file descriptor n to file . Redirects the output of the ls command to the file_list file. Here bash redirects the stderr to file. The number 2 stands for stderr.

How do I redirect a file in Linux?

To use bash redirection, you run a command, specify the > or >> operator, and then provide the path of a file you want the output redirected to. > redirects the output of a command to a file, replacing the existing contents of the file.

How do I redirect errors to a file?

To redirect stderr as well, you have a few choices:

  1. Redirect stdout to one file and stderr to another file: command > out 2>error.
  2. Redirect stdout to a file ( >out ), and then redirect stderr to stdout ( 2>&1 ): command >out 2>&1.

How do I redirect stderr to terminal?

How do I redirect in Unix?

Just as the output of a command can be redirected to a file, so can the input of a command be redirected from a file. As the greater-than character > is used for output redirection, the less-than character < is used to redirect the input of a command.

What is redirect in bash?

Redirection allows commands’ file handles to be duplicated, opened, closed, made to refer to different files, and can change the files the command reads from and writes to. Redirection may also be used to modify file handles in the current shell execution environment.

How do I redirect input?

On a command line, redirection is the process of using the input/output of a file or command to use it as an input for another file. It is similar but different from pipes, as it allows reading/writing from files instead of only commands. Redirection can be done by using the operators > and >> .