Are horses killed for Premarin?

Physically spent and exhausted mares that can no longer get pregnant or hold their pregnancy, are sent to slaughter – which is illegal in the U.S., but done in Canada. Premarin mares keep the corrupt horse slaughter industry alive and profitable.

What happens to the foals of Premarin mares?

Some of the thousands of foals born on PMU farms each year are used to replace their exhausted mothers. Some are offered for adoption, but the remaining foals—along with worn-out mares—are sold at auction, where most are purchased by buyers for slaughterhouses.

What does estrogen do in horses?

Estrone is a naturally occurring form of estrogen. In the horse, it is produced by the ovaries, placenta, and testis. Estradiol is the dominant estrogen in mares and is responsible for sexual behavior.

Does Premarin cause weight gain?

There is no evidence that HRT leads to weight gain or weight loss. Women typically undergo menopause between the ages of 45 and 55. It occurs around one year after a woman’s last menstrual cycle. The menopausal transition affects the production of hormones produced by the ovaries.

What happens when you stop taking Premarin?

Once you stop taking estrogen, you may develop brittle bones. However, lifestyle, dietary and nonhormonal medications can be very effective in preventing bone loss and osteoporosis. Women who stop taking HRT may have a lower risk of developing breast cancer.

Are there alternatives to Premarin?

What is the best alternative to Premarin? Estrace is a similar alternative to Premarin. Other medications containing estrogen include the Vivelle Dot Patch, Climara Patch, or vaginal estrogen in the form of Vagifem vaginal tablets (vaginal tablets applied with a vaginal applicator) or Estring Vaginal Ring.

What happens when you stop taking PREMARIN?

What hormones are high during estrus in horses?

Blood levels of estrogen are highest when the mare is in estrus. Estrogen is responsible for causing the mare to show the behavioral signs of receptivity to a stallion. The primary hormone that is responsible for ovulation has been identified as luteinizing hormone (LH).

Is estradiol made from horse urine?

Estradiol: One product that is gaining new interest is estradiol, a synthetically produced copy of the estrogen that women’s ovaries make before menopause. While Prempro and Premarin are made from horse urine, estradiol more closely resembles the estrogen that a woman’s body naturally makes.

How is Premarin used in the horse industry?

Premarin is a HRT (hormone replacement therapy) drug used by women to offset the symptoms of menopause. It is made from the estrogen secreted in the urine of a pregnant mare. To collect this urging from mares the horses are forced to wear rubber urine collection bags.

Why are Premarin mares not allowed to walk?

Premarin mares are not allowed to move, walk or run, which is natural for them – or graze on grass and frolic in a pasture which is normal behavior for horses, because the urine collection device is attached to them 24/7.

Where did Karen from Premarin horses come from?

Karen volunteered at a horse sanctuary in California for four years before leaving corporate life behind to buy a 10-acre ranch in Green Valley, Arizona. “That’s where I learned about the Premarin issue,” says Karen.

Where do they get Premarin and Duavee from?

To make organic Premarin and DUAVEE from mare’s urine, Pfizer contracts with PMU (Pregnant Mare’s Urine) horse farms throughout Canada and the U.S., and now China. Today, there are 800 PMU horses in the U.S., mainly located in North Dakota, that are used to make these drugs.